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Birman

Birman

Excellent Companion Cat

Affectionate, Easygoing, Gentle

Birmans are extraordinary pets. While it is interesting to learn about the breeding purpose of Birmans, their genetics actually influence health, outward appearance and behavior. Some behaviors make the Birman and some can be quite irritating!

Understanding their unique needs will help you keep them healthy and will create a stronger bond between the two of you. Explore this page to learn more about where they came, which health conditions are a risk to to the breed and how to keep them feeling their best.

Breed Details

Body:Long and stocky Coat:Medium-long to long, does not mat

Length of fur
4

1 = short - 5 = long

Grooming requirements
4

1 = little grooming - 5 = much grooming

Energy level
2

1 = low energy - 5 = high energy

Ease of training
3

1 = difficult - 5 = easy

Affection toward owners
4

1 = independent - 5 = very affectionate

Friendliness toward strangers
3

1 = shy - 5 = very friendly

Routine Care: Birmans needs daily play sessions that stimulate their natural desire to hunt and explore. Keep their mind and body active or they may develop behavior issues. Cats are meticulously clean and demand a clean litter box. Be sure to provide at least one box for each cat and scoop waste daily. It is important that your cat drinks adequate amounts of water. If they won’t drink water from her bowl try adding ice cubes or a flowing fountain.

Grooming: Despite long hair they shed little, and requires brushing only once or twice a week.

Dental: Birmans have generally good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week!

Ear Care: Check ears weekly for wax, debris, or signs of infection and clean when necessary. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!


Birmans are gentle, friendly and loves to be involved in your daily activities.

Positive Traits:

Might "chirrup" or trill her meows to call you when she misses you

An affectionate companion and family cat

Good with children and other pets

Requires minimal grooming

Excellent companion

Negative Traits:

Needs regular exercise and diet regulation to avoid weight gain

Needs the company of other pets or people and does not do well in isolation

Exhibits signs of separation anxiety if left alone too much

Whether you are considering adding a new Birman to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Birman will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. By exploring the health concerns specific to the Birman you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert.

Some health issues a Birman could encounter:

Arterial Thromboembolism

Hemophilia

Blood Type

Neonatal Isoerythrolysis (NI)/Hemolytic Icterus

Neutrophil Granulation

Portosystemic Shunt

The origin of the Birman remains a mystery with many unverified tales of their beginnings. Born all white, Birmans do not develop their full color until maturity. They keep their unique white “mittens” on all four paws.

Birmans are very social and happy to be involved in your daily activities. They are less apt to climb and jump onto high places, preferring to hang out at ground level or on the couch. Birmans have a playful side and will play fetch or chase when engaged, but prefer to lounge with their family.

Consult with a veterinarian if your Birman shows signs of the following:

Sudden hind leg weakness or paralysis, labored breathing, collapse, weakness on one side of the body

Bruising on the gums or skin, unusual bleeding from minor injuries

Abnormal behaviors, particularly worse a few hours after meals

Progressive hair loss in kittens

  • Care

    Routine Care: Birmans needs daily play sessions that stimulate their natural desire to hunt and explore. Keep their mind and body active or they may develop behavior issues. Cats are meticulously clean and demand a clean litter box. Be sure to provide at least one box for each cat and scoop waste daily. It is important that your cat drinks adequate amounts of water. If they won’t drink water from her bowl try adding ice cubes or a flowing fountain.

    Grooming: Despite long hair they shed little, and requires brushing only once or twice a week.

    Dental: Birmans have generally good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week!

    Ear Care: Check ears weekly for wax, debris, or signs of infection and clean when necessary. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!


  • Characteristics

    Birmans are gentle, friendly and loves to be involved in your daily activities.

    Positive Traits:

    Might "chirrup" or trill her meows to call you when she misses you

    An affectionate companion and family cat

    Good with children and other pets

    Requires minimal grooming

    Excellent companion

    Negative Traits:

    Needs regular exercise and diet regulation to avoid weight gain

    Needs the company of other pets or people and does not do well in isolation

    Exhibits signs of separation anxiety if left alone too much

  • Health Concerns

    Whether you are considering adding a new Birman to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Birman will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. By exploring the health concerns specific to the Birman you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert.

    Some health issues a Birman could encounter:

    Arterial Thromboembolism

    Hemophilia

    Blood Type

    Neonatal Isoerythrolysis (NI)/Hemolytic Icterus

    Neutrophil Granulation

    Portosystemic Shunt

  • History

    The origin of the Birman remains a mystery with many unverified tales of their beginnings. Born all white, Birmans do not develop their full color until maturity. They keep their unique white “mittens” on all four paws.

    Birmans are very social and happy to be involved in your daily activities. They are less apt to climb and jump onto high places, preferring to hang out at ground level or on the couch. Birmans have a playful side and will play fetch or chase when engaged, but prefer to lounge with their family.

  • Watch Out For

    Consult with a veterinarian if your Birman shows signs of the following:

    Sudden hind leg weakness or paralysis, labored breathing, collapse, weakness on one side of the body

    Bruising on the gums or skin, unusual bleeding from minor injuries

    Abnormal behaviors, particularly worse a few hours after meals

    Progressive hair loss in kittens

Birman Discussions

Share your thoughts and experiences, ask questions, or just show your love for the Birman breed here!

Select Another Breed

To view the sources for the information listed on this page, see our Cat Breed Guide References here.

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