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Maine Coon

MaineCoon

A Gentle Giant

Loving, athletic, stoic

Maine Coons are highly intelligent, calm, and people-oriented cats. This breed gets along well with children and other pets. Some follow their owners around the house and may even enjoy playing with water or playing fetch. Maine Coons make great companions for first-time cat owners, singles, families, and those with other pets.

Understanding their unique needs will help keep them healthy and create a strong bond between the two of you. Explore this page to learn more about the breed’s history, health concerns, characteristics, and care needs.

Breed Details

Body:Medium to large, muscular, broad-chested Coat:Heavy, shaggy, silky

Length of fur
5

1 = short - 5 = long

Grooming requirements
4

1 = little grooming - 5 = much grooming

Energy level
3

1 = low energy - 5 = high energy

Ease of training
4

1 = difficult - 5 = easy

Affection toward owners
4

1 = independent - 5 = very affectionate

Friendliness toward strangers
4

1 = shy - 5 = very friendly

Routine Care: Maine Coons need daily play sessions that stimulate their natural desire to hunt and explore. Keep their mind and body active or they may develop behavior issues. Cats are meticulously clean and demand a clean litter box. Be sure to provide at least one box for each cat and scoop waste daily. It is important that your cat drinks adequate amounts of water. If they won’t drink water from their bowl, try adding ice cubes or a flowing fountain.

Grooming: They have long hair that will need brushing daily.

Dental: Maine Coons have generally good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week!

Ear Care: Check their ears weekly for wax, debris, or signs of infection and clean when necessary. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!

Maine Coons are easygoing and affectionate gentle giants.

Positive Traits:

  • Gentle-mannered and easy to get along with

  • Large, strong, and athletic

  • Highly intelligent and able to learn tricks

  • Laid back - gets along with cat-friendly dogs and kids

  • May purr when they are content

Negative Traits: 

  • Coat needs to be cared for frequently to prevent matting


Whether you are considering adding a new Maine Coon to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Maine Coon will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

By exploring the health concerns specific to the Maine Coon you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert.

Some health issues a Maine Coon could encounter:

The Maine Coon is known for its large size and thick double coat of long hair, which is well suited for the harsh winters in Maine, the state from which they originated. Relaxed and laid-back, Maine Coons are not overly dependent, but they are people-oriented. They are happy to follow their owners from room to room, coming when called, and playing fetch. Some Maine Coons are attracted to water and may even enjoy the occasional swim.

Consult with a veterinarian if your Maine Coon shows signs of the following:

  • Weakness or exercise intolerance; rapid, labored, or open-mouth breathing; sudden-onset of weakness

  • Bunny hopping, reluctance to jump when playing

  • Lameness, abnormal hind limb gait (“bunny hopping”)

  • Increased thirst and urination, poor appetite, weight loss

  • Lack of response to noises

  • Care

    Routine Care: Maine Coons need daily play sessions that stimulate their natural desire to hunt and explore. Keep their mind and body active or they may develop behavior issues. Cats are meticulously clean and demand a clean litter box. Be sure to provide at least one box for each cat and scoop waste daily. It is important that your cat drinks adequate amounts of water. If they won’t drink water from their bowl, try adding ice cubes or a flowing fountain.

    Grooming: They have long hair that will need brushing daily.

    Dental: Maine Coons have generally good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week!

    Ear Care: Check their ears weekly for wax, debris, or signs of infection and clean when necessary. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!

  • Characteristics

    Maine Coons are easygoing and affectionate gentle giants.

    Positive Traits:

    • Gentle-mannered and easy to get along with

    • Large, strong, and athletic

    • Highly intelligent and able to learn tricks

    • Laid back - gets along with cat-friendly dogs and kids

    • May purr when they are content

    Negative Traits: 

    • Coat needs to be cared for frequently to prevent matting


  • Health Concerns

    Whether you are considering adding a new Maine Coon to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Maine Coon will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

    By exploring the health concerns specific to the Maine Coon you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert.

    Some health issues a Maine Coon could encounter:

  • History

    The Maine Coon is known for its large size and thick double coat of long hair, which is well suited for the harsh winters in Maine, the state from which they originated. Relaxed and laid-back, Maine Coons are not overly dependent, but they are people-oriented. They are happy to follow their owners from room to room, coming when called, and playing fetch. Some Maine Coons are attracted to water and may even enjoy the occasional swim.

  • Watch Out For

    Consult with a veterinarian if your Maine Coon shows signs of the following:

    • Weakness or exercise intolerance; rapid, labored, or open-mouth breathing; sudden-onset of weakness

    • Bunny hopping, reluctance to jump when playing

    • Lameness, abnormal hind limb gait (“bunny hopping”)

    • Increased thirst and urination, poor appetite, weight loss

    • Lack of response to noises

Maine Coon Discussions

Share your thoughts and experiences, ask questions, or just show your love for the Maine Coon breed here!

Select Another Breed

To view the sources for the information listed on this page, see our Cat Breed Guide References here.

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