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Siberian

SiberianCat_new

An Agile & Playful Cat

Devoted, personable, fascinated with water

Siberians are independent, affectionate, and docile cats. They have a soft voice and are compatible with children and other pets. Siberians are very athletic and love jumping and being in high places. This slow-maturing breed makes great companions for first-time cat owners, active households, singles, families with children, and those with other pets.

Understanding their unique needs will help keep them healthy and create a strong bond between the two of you. Explore this page to learn more about the breed’s history, health concerns, characteristics, and care needs.

Breed Details

Body:Moderately long, compact, substantial Coat:Semi-long to long, oily, water-resistant

Length of fur
4

1 = short - 5 = long

Grooming requirements
2

1 = little grooming - 5 = much grooming

Energy level
3

1 = low energy - 5 = high energy

Ease of training
4

1 = difficult - 5 = easy

Affection toward owners
4

1 = independent - 5 = very affectionate

Friendliness toward strangers
4

1 = shy - 5 = very friendly

Routine Care: Siberians need daily play sessions that stimulate their natural desire to hunt and explore. Keep their mind and body active or they may develop behavior issues. Cats are meticulously clean and demand a clean litter box. Be sure to provide at least one box for each cat and scoop waste daily. It is important that your cat drinks adequate amounts of water. If they won't drink water from their bowl, try adding ice cubes or a flowing fountain.

Grooming: Siberian's long hair needs brushing several times a week. They need daily brushing during the spring and fall because they shed more in those seasons.

Dental: Siberians have generally good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week!

Ear Care: Check their ears weekly for wax, debris, or signs of infection, and clean when necessary. Don’t worry — your veterinarian can show you how!

Siberians love their family, but aren't tremendously demanding of attention. They have a gentle, loving nature and well-rounded personality.

Positive Traits:

  • May remain as playful as a kitten throughout their life

  • Loves jumping and being in high places

  • An excellent playmate and source of entertainment

  • Good with children and other pets

  • Highly intelligent and able to learn tricks

  • Loves to play games

Negative Traits: 

  • Can be destructive and eager to get into trouble

  • Needs to be brushed regularly to keep coat mat-free


Whether you are considering adding a new Siberian to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases common in this breed. Of course not every Siberian will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

By exploring the health concerns specific to the Siberian, you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert.

Some health issues a Siberian could encounter:

Siberian cats have been in Russia for hundreds of years, but it wasn’t until 1990 that they came to the United States. These large cats have a soft voice and are the models of strength, balance, power, and alertness, personalized by lovable facial expressions. Designed to survive harsh conditions, the Siberian’s fur coat is triple layered and water resistant. Siberians are referred to as "the cat for dog people." They are known to come when called and for following household members around. They get pleasure from being with their human companions. Fearless and easygoing, Siberians adore children and are accepting of other household pets. They like high places and are powerful leapers. Siberians are sharp witted and can easily be trained to do simple tricks. Siberians are slow to mature and stay playful throughout their lives.

Consult with a veterinarian if your Siberian shows signs of the following:

  • Weakness or exercise intolerance; rapid, labored, or open-mouth breathing; sudden-onset of weakness

  • Difficulty eating, poor appetite, drooling, mouth odor, hiding

  • Care

    Routine Care: Siberians need daily play sessions that stimulate their natural desire to hunt and explore. Keep their mind and body active or they may develop behavior issues. Cats are meticulously clean and demand a clean litter box. Be sure to provide at least one box for each cat and scoop waste daily. It is important that your cat drinks adequate amounts of water. If they won't drink water from their bowl, try adding ice cubes or a flowing fountain.

    Grooming: Siberian's long hair needs brushing several times a week. They need daily brushing during the spring and fall because they shed more in those seasons.

    Dental: Siberians have generally good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week!

    Ear Care: Check their ears weekly for wax, debris, or signs of infection, and clean when necessary. Don’t worry — your veterinarian can show you how!

  • Characteristics

    Siberians love their family, but aren't tremendously demanding of attention. They have a gentle, loving nature and well-rounded personality.

    Positive Traits:

    • May remain as playful as a kitten throughout their life

    • Loves jumping and being in high places

    • An excellent playmate and source of entertainment

    • Good with children and other pets

    • Highly intelligent and able to learn tricks

    • Loves to play games

    Negative Traits: 

    • Can be destructive and eager to get into trouble

    • Needs to be brushed regularly to keep coat mat-free


  • Health Concerns

    Whether you are considering adding a new Siberian to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases common in this breed. Of course not every Siberian will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

    By exploring the health concerns specific to the Siberian, you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert.

    Some health issues a Siberian could encounter:

  • History

    Siberian cats have been in Russia for hundreds of years, but it wasn’t until 1990 that they came to the United States. These large cats have a soft voice and are the models of strength, balance, power, and alertness, personalized by lovable facial expressions. Designed to survive harsh conditions, the Siberian’s fur coat is triple layered and water resistant. Siberians are referred to as "the cat for dog people." They are known to come when called and for following household members around. They get pleasure from being with their human companions. Fearless and easygoing, Siberians adore children and are accepting of other household pets. They like high places and are powerful leapers. Siberians are sharp witted and can easily be trained to do simple tricks. Siberians are slow to mature and stay playful throughout their lives.

  • Watch Out For

    Consult with a veterinarian if your Siberian shows signs of the following:

    • Weakness or exercise intolerance; rapid, labored, or open-mouth breathing; sudden-onset of weakness

    • Difficulty eating, poor appetite, drooling, mouth odor, hiding

Siberian Discussions

Share your thoughts and experiences, ask questions, or just show your love for the Siberian breed here!

Select Another Breed

To view the sources for the information listed on this page, see our Cat Breed Guide References here.

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