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Afghan Hound

AfghanHound2

An Elegant & Handsome Sighthound

Sensitive, sweet, agile

Afghan Hounds are happy, gentle, and athletic, large dogs. These long-haired hounds will be friendly toward other animals and strangers when they have a firm leader. Afghans make great companions for active individuals and families looking for an indoor pet. While these dogs are best suited as indoor pets, they have a lot of stamina and require everyday exercise and playtime.

Understanding their unique needs will help keep them healthy and create a strong bond between the two of you. Explore this page to learn more about the breed’s history, health concerns, characteristics, and care needs.

Breed Details

Height:25-27 in. Weight:50-90 lb Lifespan:12-14 years

Size
4

1=small 5=large

Grooming requirements
4

1 = little grooming - 5 = much grooming

Energy level
1

1 = low energy - 5 = high energy

Ease of training
4

1 = difficult - 5 = easy

Affection toward owners
4

1 = independent - 5 = very affectionate

Friendliness toward strangers
4

1 = shy - 5 = very friendly

Routine Care: The Afghan Hound is a dog with lots of energy, so keep their mind and body active, or they'll get bored. That's when the naughty stuff starts. A tall fence in a must, Affies have been known to jump great heights. They also can't resist chasing cats, so keep them on a leash outdoors. 

Grooming: Their coat will require daily brushing and weekly bathing. 

Dental: Afghan Hounds often have serious problems with their teeth, so you’ll need to brush them at least three times a week!

Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how! 


Afghan Hounds are described as a cat-like breed since they are independent thinkers that demand attention on their own terms. 

Positive Traits:

  • Sweet, gentle, and sensitive 

  • Even temper and gentle disposition 

  • Quirky, entertaining personality 

  • Quiet—not much of a barker 

  • Agile, sturdy, and muscular 

  • Large, strong, and athletic, with lots of stamina 

Negative Traits:

  • Strong prey drive—will chase and grab things that run, including cats and children 

  • Coat requires regular brushing and grooming 

  • Can be strong-willed and difficult to train 

  • Has a tendency to escape, wander, and roam 

  • Independent and headstrong 

  • Standoffish toward strangers 


Whether you are considering adding a new Afghan Hound to your family or you already have one as a companion, it's important  to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Afghan Hound will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

By exploring the health concerns specific to the Afghan Hound you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert.

Some health issues a Afghan Hound could encounter:

This ancient breed originated in Afghanistan living with nomadic tribes. Afghans are one of the oldest sighthounds, bred to chase down game including deer, wild goats, and snow leopards. Affies are independent thinkers. They have been used as guard dogs, as coursing hounds, and for herding. They are often referred to as the "king of dogs,” demanding physical attention on their own terms much like finicky felines. Afghans need play activities and attention to keep them from becoming bored and escaping from your yard to ramble and roam. 


Consult with your veterinarian if your Afghan Hound shows sings of the following:

  • Coughing, exercise intolerance, rapid breathing at rest 

  • Leg stiffness, reluctance to rise, sit, use stairs, run, jump, or “bunny hopping” 

  • Dry heaving or a large, tight, painful abdomen 

  • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes 

  • Squinting, watery eyes, bluing cornea, redness, enlarged eye 

  • Cloudiness to eye lens 

  • Dry, scaly, sometimes itchy hairless patches on face or paws 

  • Dull coat, hair loss, sluggish, weight gain 

  • Lameness with or without swelling 

  • Pale gums, labored breathing, weakness, or sudden collapse 

  • Misplaced or missing teeth, bad breath, hair and food stuck between teeth

  • Care

    Routine Care: The Afghan Hound is a dog with lots of energy, so keep their mind and body active, or they'll get bored. That's when the naughty stuff starts. A tall fence in a must, Affies have been known to jump great heights. They also can't resist chasing cats, so keep them on a leash outdoors. 

    Grooming: Their coat will require daily brushing and weekly bathing. 

    Dental: Afghan Hounds often have serious problems with their teeth, so you’ll need to brush them at least three times a week!

    Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how! 


  • Characteristics

    Afghan Hounds are described as a cat-like breed since they are independent thinkers that demand attention on their own terms. 

    Positive Traits:

    • Sweet, gentle, and sensitive 

    • Even temper and gentle disposition 

    • Quirky, entertaining personality 

    • Quiet—not much of a barker 

    • Agile, sturdy, and muscular 

    • Large, strong, and athletic, with lots of stamina 

    Negative Traits:

    • Strong prey drive—will chase and grab things that run, including cats and children 

    • Coat requires regular brushing and grooming 

    • Can be strong-willed and difficult to train 

    • Has a tendency to escape, wander, and roam 

    • Independent and headstrong 

    • Standoffish toward strangers 


  • Health Concerns

    Whether you are considering adding a new Afghan Hound to your family or you already have one as a companion, it's important  to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Afghan Hound will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

    By exploring the health concerns specific to the Afghan Hound you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert.

    Some health issues a Afghan Hound could encounter:

  • History

    This ancient breed originated in Afghanistan living with nomadic tribes. Afghans are one of the oldest sighthounds, bred to chase down game including deer, wild goats, and snow leopards. Affies are independent thinkers. They have been used as guard dogs, as coursing hounds, and for herding. They are often referred to as the "king of dogs,” demanding physical attention on their own terms much like finicky felines. Afghans need play activities and attention to keep them from becoming bored and escaping from your yard to ramble and roam. 


  • Watch Out For

    Consult with your veterinarian if your Afghan Hound shows sings of the following:

    • Coughing, exercise intolerance, rapid breathing at rest 

    • Leg stiffness, reluctance to rise, sit, use stairs, run, jump, or “bunny hopping” 

    • Dry heaving or a large, tight, painful abdomen 

    • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes 

    • Squinting, watery eyes, bluing cornea, redness, enlarged eye 

    • Cloudiness to eye lens 

    • Dry, scaly, sometimes itchy hairless patches on face or paws 

    • Dull coat, hair loss, sluggish, weight gain 

    • Lameness with or without swelling 

    • Pale gums, labored breathing, weakness, or sudden collapse 

    • Misplaced or missing teeth, bad breath, hair and food stuck between teeth

Afghan Hound Discussions

Share your thoughts and experiences, ask questions, or just show your love for the Afghan Hound breed here!

Select Another Breed

To view the sources for the information listed on this page, see our Dog Breed Guide Reference page.

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