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American Eskimo Dog

American-Eskimo

A Clever & Fluffy Friend

Loving, independent, well-mannered

American Eskimos are eager to please, friendly, and energetic, medium-sized dogs. Eskies are loving watchdogs, and most are cautious of strangers. These people-oriented dogs crave human companionship but may not do well with young children and other pets. Eskies make great companions for active individuals and cold climate dwellers. American Eskimos love to run, especially in the snow, and need plenty of daily exercise and mental stimulation to prevent getting bored and mischievous. 

Understanding their unique needs will help keep them healthy and create a strong bond between the two of you. Explore this page to learn more about the breed’s history, health concerns, characteristics, and care needs.

Breed Details

Height:15-19 in. Weight:20-40 lbs Lifespan:12-14 years

Size
2

1=small 5=large

Grooming requirements
3

1 = little grooming - 5 = much grooming

Energy level
3

1 = low energy - 5 = high energy

Ease of training
4

1 = difficult - 5 = easy

Affection toward owners
3

1 = independent - 5 = very affectionate

Friendliness toward strangers
2

1 = shy - 5 = very friendly

Routine Care: American Eskimo Dogs are smart with lots of energy, so keep their mind and body active, or they'll get bored. That's when the naughty stuff starts.

Grooming: Brush their coat as needed, at least weekly.

Dental: American Eskimo Dogs often have serious problems with their teeth, so you’ll need to brush them at least three times a week!

Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don't worry - your veterinarian can show you how!

American Eskimo Dogs are clever, highly trainable, and were very popular circus trick dogs in the early 1900's. They still love to learn new tricks!

Positive Traits:

  • Good watchdog with a loud bark

  • Agile, sturdy, and muscular

  • Highly trainable and eager to please

  • An affectionate companion and family dog

  • Requires only moderate grooming

Negative Traits:

  • Easily bored if not given something to do, which leads to barking and chewing

  • Needs a lot of activity and mental stimulation to avoid boredom vices

  • Needs early socialization to accept other pets and strangers

  • Can be snappy when nervous

 

Whether you are considering adding a new American Eskimo Dog to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every American Eskimo Dog will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

By exploring the health concerns specific to the American Eskimo Dog you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert.

Some health issues an American Eskimo Dog could encounter:

  • Blindness
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Hip necrosis
  • Knee problems
  • Deafness
  • Thyroid disease
  • Hypoadrenocorticism (addison's)
  • Epilepsy
  • Cataracts
  • Retained testicle

These highly intelligent dogs were originally bred in Germany as watchdogs. They have a keen sense of territory and property and are valiant barkers, although not usually considered aggressive. They are generally hardy little dogs, but have a tendency to become overweight easily, so proper diet and exercise is a must! A few troublesome genetic problems have been identified. Tear staining and allergies are common. Dental problems typically occur, so start your puppy on a regular dental hygiene program right away!

Consult with a veterinarian if your American Eskimo Dog shows signs of the following:

  • Dilated pupils in daylight, or increased "eye shine" at night

  • Leg stiffness, reluctance to rise, sit, use stairs, run, jump, or "bunny hopping"

  • Increasing hip pain at less than a year old

  • Easily startled, no reaction to unseen sounds

  • Dull coat, hair loss, sluggish, weight gain

  • General listlessness, droopy facial expression, vomiting, diarrhea

  • Any abnormal shaking, trembling, or excessive involuntary tremors

  • Cloudiness to eye lens

  • Care

    Routine Care: American Eskimo Dogs are smart with lots of energy, so keep their mind and body active, or they'll get bored. That's when the naughty stuff starts.

    Grooming: Brush their coat as needed, at least weekly.

    Dental: American Eskimo Dogs often have serious problems with their teeth, so you’ll need to brush them at least three times a week!

    Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don't worry - your veterinarian can show you how!

  • Characteristics

    American Eskimo Dogs are clever, highly trainable, and were very popular circus trick dogs in the early 1900's. They still love to learn new tricks!

    Positive Traits:

    • Good watchdog with a loud bark

    • Agile, sturdy, and muscular

    • Highly trainable and eager to please

    • An affectionate companion and family dog

    • Requires only moderate grooming

    Negative Traits:

    • Easily bored if not given something to do, which leads to barking and chewing

    • Needs a lot of activity and mental stimulation to avoid boredom vices

    • Needs early socialization to accept other pets and strangers

    • Can be snappy when nervous

     

  • Health Concerns

    Whether you are considering adding a new American Eskimo Dog to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every American Eskimo Dog will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

    By exploring the health concerns specific to the American Eskimo Dog you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert.

    Some health issues an American Eskimo Dog could encounter:

    • Blindness
    • Hip dysplasia
    • Hip necrosis
    • Knee problems
    • Deafness
    • Thyroid disease
    • Hypoadrenocorticism (addison's)
    • Epilepsy
    • Cataracts
    • Retained testicle
  • History

    These highly intelligent dogs were originally bred in Germany as watchdogs. They have a keen sense of territory and property and are valiant barkers, although not usually considered aggressive. They are generally hardy little dogs, but have a tendency to become overweight easily, so proper diet and exercise is a must! A few troublesome genetic problems have been identified. Tear staining and allergies are common. Dental problems typically occur, so start your puppy on a regular dental hygiene program right away!

  • Watch Out For

    Consult with a veterinarian if your American Eskimo Dog shows signs of the following:

    • Dilated pupils in daylight, or increased "eye shine" at night

    • Leg stiffness, reluctance to rise, sit, use stairs, run, jump, or "bunny hopping"

    • Increasing hip pain at less than a year old

    • Easily startled, no reaction to unseen sounds

    • Dull coat, hair loss, sluggish, weight gain

    • General listlessness, droopy facial expression, vomiting, diarrhea

    • Any abnormal shaking, trembling, or excessive involuntary tremors

    • Cloudiness to eye lens

American Eskimo Dog Discussions

Share your thoughts and experiences, ask questions, or just show your love for the American Eskimo Dog breed here!

Select Another Breed

To view the sources for the information listed on this page, see our Dog Breed Guide Reference page.

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