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Basset Hound

basset-hound

A Happy-Go-Lucky Clown

Calm, dignified, easygoing

Basset Hounds are good-natured, mellow, and affectionate, medium-sized dogs. This short-legged canine gets along well with children and other pets. They do best living indoors but still need access to the outdoors. Bassets make great companions for singles, active individuals, families, and people living in the city. This slow-moving breed is content living a lazy life, but still really needs moderate daily exercise.

Understanding their unique needs will help keep them healthy and create a strong bond between the two of you. Explore this page to learn more about the breed’s history, health concerns, characteristics, and care needs.

Breed Details

Height:Preferably not over 14 in. Weight:40-60 lb Lifespan:8-12 years

Size
3

1=small 5=large

Grooming requirements
2

1 = little grooming - 5 = much grooming

Energy level
2

1 = low energy - 5 = high energy

Ease of training
2

1 = difficult - 5 = easy

Affection toward owners
4

1 = independent - 5 = very affectionate

Friendliness toward strangers
3

1 = shy - 5 = very friendly

Routine Care: Basset Hounds are a very smart dog with lots of energy and a tendency to run off after interesting smells, so leashes are highly recommended. Check eyes often as they can collect debris.

Grooming: Low grooming needs. Brush coat as needed, at least weekly.

Dental: Basset Hounds generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week!

Ear Care: Clean ears weekly, even as a puppy. Make sure to keep their floppy ears dry. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!

Basset Hounds are a laid-back family companion with aspirations of being a lap dog.

Positive Traits:

  • Even-tempered, affectionate, and happy-go-lucky

  • Sweet, gentle, and sensitive

  • Good with kids and other pets

  • An excellent family dog that loves human companionship

  • Has a short, easy-to-care-for coat

  • Excellent hunting dog

Negative Traits:

  • Needs regular exercise and diet regulation to avoid weight gain

  • Early obedience training and socialization is recommended

  • May have a tendency to bark excessively

  • Likes to dig

  • Passes a lot of gas, sheds, and drools

  • Can have an unstable temperament if not bred properly, including excessive barking, hyperactivity, or aggression



Whether you are considering adding a new Basset Hound to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Basset Hound will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

By exploring the health concerns specific to the Basset Hound you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert.

Some health issues a Basset Hound could encounter:

  • Bloat

  • Eye Problems

  • Glaucoma

  • Cataracts

  • Cherry Eye

  • Back Problems

The Basset Hound is a scent hound that was bred to track rabbits. They originated in France during the 16th century and their name is derived from the French word bas, meaning low. They have short legs and a strong nose, and they will run after any scent they catch. The Basset is a generally healthy dog with an average lifespan of 12 years. They can suffer from some common conditions like allergies and bloat.

Consult with a veterinarian if your Basset Hound shows signs of the following:

  • Dry heaving or a large, tight, painful abdomen

  • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes

  • Squinting, watery eyes, bluing cornea, redness, enlarged eye

  • Cloudiness to eye lens

  • Red blob at the corner of the eye

  • Unwilling to jump, pain, hunched back, paralysis

  • Fainting, collapse, breathing issues, cough

  • General listlessness, droopy facial expression, vomiting, diarrhea

  • Pale gums, labored breathing, weakness, or sudden collapse

  • Pain or straining to urinate, bloody urine

  • General reluctance to run or play

  • Care

    Routine Care: Basset Hounds are a very smart dog with lots of energy and a tendency to run off after interesting smells, so leashes are highly recommended. Check eyes often as they can collect debris.

    Grooming: Low grooming needs. Brush coat as needed, at least weekly.

    Dental: Basset Hounds generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week!

    Ear Care: Clean ears weekly, even as a puppy. Make sure to keep their floppy ears dry. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!

  • Characteristics

    Basset Hounds are a laid-back family companion with aspirations of being a lap dog.

    Positive Traits:

    • Even-tempered, affectionate, and happy-go-lucky

    • Sweet, gentle, and sensitive

    • Good with kids and other pets

    • An excellent family dog that loves human companionship

    • Has a short, easy-to-care-for coat

    • Excellent hunting dog

    Negative Traits:

    • Needs regular exercise and diet regulation to avoid weight gain

    • Early obedience training and socialization is recommended

    • May have a tendency to bark excessively

    • Likes to dig

    • Passes a lot of gas, sheds, and drools

    • Can have an unstable temperament if not bred properly, including excessive barking, hyperactivity, or aggression



  • Health Concerns

    Whether you are considering adding a new Basset Hound to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Basset Hound will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

    By exploring the health concerns specific to the Basset Hound you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert.

    Some health issues a Basset Hound could encounter:

    • Bloat

    • Eye Problems

    • Glaucoma

    • Cataracts

    • Cherry Eye

    • Back Problems

  • History

    The Basset Hound is a scent hound that was bred to track rabbits. They originated in France during the 16th century and their name is derived from the French word bas, meaning low. They have short legs and a strong nose, and they will run after any scent they catch. The Basset is a generally healthy dog with an average lifespan of 12 years. They can suffer from some common conditions like allergies and bloat.

  • Watch Out For

    Consult with a veterinarian if your Basset Hound shows signs of the following:

    • Dry heaving or a large, tight, painful abdomen

    • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes

    • Squinting, watery eyes, bluing cornea, redness, enlarged eye

    • Cloudiness to eye lens

    • Red blob at the corner of the eye

    • Unwilling to jump, pain, hunched back, paralysis

    • Fainting, collapse, breathing issues, cough

    • General listlessness, droopy facial expression, vomiting, diarrhea

    • Pale gums, labored breathing, weakness, or sudden collapse

    • Pain or straining to urinate, bloody urine

    • General reluctance to run or play

Basset Hound Discussions

Share your thoughts and experiences, ask questions, or just show your love for the Basset Hound breed here!

Select Another Breed

To view the sources for the information listed on this page, see our Dog Breed Guide Reference page.

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