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Beauceron

Beauceron

A Devoted Herding Dog

Loyal, intelligent, agile

Beaucerons are steady, reliable, and courageous large dogs. This breed is affectionate with their families, but can be wary of strangers. Beaucerons make great companions for families with older children, active individuals, and experienced dog handlers. Beaucerons need a strenuous workout or long walk daily for exercise.

Understanding their unique needs will help keep them healthy and create a strong bond between the two of you. Explore this page to learn more about the breed’s history, health concerns, characteristics, and care needs.

Breed Details

Height:24-27.5 in. Weight:80-110 lb Lifespan:10-12 years

Size
4

1=small 5=large

Grooming requirements
3

1 = little grooming - 5 = much grooming

Energy level
5

1 = low energy - 5 = high energy

Ease of training
4

1 = difficult - 5 = easy

Affection toward owners
3

1 = independent - 5 = very affectionate

Friendliness toward strangers
1

1 = shy - 5 = very friendly

Routine Care: Beaucerons are large smart dogs with lots of energy, so keep their mind and body active, or they'll get bored. That's when the naughty stuff starts. Naturally a bit wary, they can be distrustful of strangers; bond them to children early to trigger protective behaviors. Beaucerons are athletic dogs that excel at dog sports like agility, herding, and obedience.

Grooming: They need a thorough brushing at least weekly for most of the year. During shedding seasons, they lose crazy amounts of hair; daily brushing is recommended during this time.

Dental: Beaucerons generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week!

The Beauceron is an all-purpose dog that is both intelligent and athletic; it can be almost impossible to wear them out. Females may be significantly smaller than males.

Positive Traits:

  • Highly active and eager to have a purpose

  • Agile, sturdy, and muscular

  • Protective; an excellent guard dog

  • Intelligent and easy to train

  • Confident, steady, and fearless

  • Loyal and easygoing with the people they know

Negative Traits:

  • Can be rambunctious and rowdy, especially as a younger dog

  • Requires vigorous, frequent exercise and space to run

  • Has a tendency to herd, including small children

  • Overprotective of family and territory if not socialized properly

  • Is a bit “mouthy”—likes to carry and chew things

  • Suspicious of strangers

Whether you are considering adding a new Beauceron to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Beauceron will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

By exploring the health concerns specific to the Beauceron you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert.

Some health issues a Beauceron could encounter:

The Beauceron or Berger de Beauce is the largest of the French Sheepdogs. Originally used to herd and protect sheep, they now excel at other jobs such as police work, search and rescue, and therapy. The Beauceron is naturally protective and watchful of their family and territory. The Beauceron is not recommended for the first-time dog owner due to their large size, endless energy, and assertive nature. For an experienced and dedicated owner that provides socialization, exercise, and training, the Beauceron is an affectionate breed that will form a lasting bond with the entire family.

Consult with a veterinarian if your Beauceron shows signs of the following:

  • Dry heaving or a large, tight, painful abdomen

  • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes

  • Fainting, collapse, breathing issues, cough

  • Leg stiffness, reluctance to rise, sit, use stairs, run, jump, or “bunny hopping”

  • New or changing lumps or bumps, itchy or not

  • Excessive licking or chewing, pawing at face and/or ears, head shaking, face rubbing

  • Blisters or ulcers on the skin or gums, fever

  • Dull coat, hair loss, sluggish, weight gain

  • Care

    Routine Care: Beaucerons are large smart dogs with lots of energy, so keep their mind and body active, or they'll get bored. That's when the naughty stuff starts. Naturally a bit wary, they can be distrustful of strangers; bond them to children early to trigger protective behaviors. Beaucerons are athletic dogs that excel at dog sports like agility, herding, and obedience.

    Grooming: They need a thorough brushing at least weekly for most of the year. During shedding seasons, they lose crazy amounts of hair; daily brushing is recommended during this time.

    Dental: Beaucerons generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week!

  • Characteristics

    The Beauceron is an all-purpose dog that is both intelligent and athletic; it can be almost impossible to wear them out. Females may be significantly smaller than males.

    Positive Traits:

    • Highly active and eager to have a purpose

    • Agile, sturdy, and muscular

    • Protective; an excellent guard dog

    • Intelligent and easy to train

    • Confident, steady, and fearless

    • Loyal and easygoing with the people they know

    Negative Traits:

    • Can be rambunctious and rowdy, especially as a younger dog

    • Requires vigorous, frequent exercise and space to run

    • Has a tendency to herd, including small children

    • Overprotective of family and territory if not socialized properly

    • Is a bit “mouthy”—likes to carry and chew things

    • Suspicious of strangers

  • Health Concerns

    Whether you are considering adding a new Beauceron to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Beauceron will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

    By exploring the health concerns specific to the Beauceron you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert.

    Some health issues a Beauceron could encounter:

  • History

    The Beauceron or Berger de Beauce is the largest of the French Sheepdogs. Originally used to herd and protect sheep, they now excel at other jobs such as police work, search and rescue, and therapy. The Beauceron is naturally protective and watchful of their family and territory. The Beauceron is not recommended for the first-time dog owner due to their large size, endless energy, and assertive nature. For an experienced and dedicated owner that provides socialization, exercise, and training, the Beauceron is an affectionate breed that will form a lasting bond with the entire family.

  • Watch Out For

    Consult with a veterinarian if your Beauceron shows signs of the following:

    • Dry heaving or a large, tight, painful abdomen

    • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes

    • Fainting, collapse, breathing issues, cough

    • Leg stiffness, reluctance to rise, sit, use stairs, run, jump, or “bunny hopping”

    • New or changing lumps or bumps, itchy or not

    • Excessive licking or chewing, pawing at face and/or ears, head shaking, face rubbing

    • Blisters or ulcers on the skin or gums, fever

    • Dull coat, hair loss, sluggish, weight gain

Beauceron Discussions

Share your thoughts and experiences, ask questions, or just show your love for the Beauceron breed here!

Select Another Breed

To view the sources for the information listed on this page, see our Dog Breed Guide Reference page.

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