Routine Care: A Border Collie is a very smart dog with lots of energy, so keep their mind and body active, or they'll get bored. That's when the naughty stuff starts. They are athletic and acrobatic dogs that excel at agility competitions, flyball, and herding events. Border Collies can be sound sensitive, so be prepared for thunderstorms, New Year's Eve, and The Fourth of July!
Grooming: Brush their coat at least weekly.
Dental: Border Collies generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week!
Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!
Widely considered the most intelligent dog breed, a Border Collie can be a handful. Without proper exercise and mental stimulation they can develop problem behaviors.
• Highly active and eager to have a purpose
• Above average intelligence and trainability when positive reinforcement training methods are used
• Vigilant watchdog with a ready bark
• Alert, curious, and busy
• Athletic and agile
• Well suited as a companion or working dog
• Needs a lot of activity and mental stimulation to avoid boredom vices
• Strong herding instinct can lead to chasing cars and small animals
• Prone to separation anxiety
• Needs frequent attention from her family
• Can be snappy with children
• Sheds quite a bit and needs to be brushed regularly
Whether you are considering adding a new Border Collie to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Border Collie will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds.
By exploring the health concerns specific to the Border Collie you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert.
Some health issues a Border Collie could encounter:
Border Collies were bred as herding dogs in the countryside between Scotland and England. They are known for their intelligence and the intense stare they use on flocks of sheep. They are extremely active dogs that do best when they have a job. Their natural herding abilities can lead to herding anything that moves, including children and small animals. Border Collies are generally a healthy breed with an average life span of 12-15 years. Some can suffer from common health concerns like hip dysplasia, epilepsy, and hypothyroidism. Early diagnosis is the key to a long and happy life, so be sure to schedule routine checkups.
Consult with a veterinarian if your Border Collie shows signs of the following:
• Leg stiffness, reluctance to rise, sit, use stairs, run, jump, or “bunny hopping”
• Stiffness or reluctance to rise/sit/use stairs
• Any abnormal shaking, trembling, or excessive involuntary tremors
• Dull coat, hair loss, sluggish, weight gain
• Anxiety, destructive behaviors, vocalization, hiding, panting, drooling
• Lethargy, drooling, or abnormal behavior following drug administration
• Easily overheated
• Fatigue during exercise, coughing, or shortness of breath
• Slow or stunted growth; sometimes seizures after eating
• Slowly growing puppy with a poor appetite
• Weakness and excessive clumsiness in the rear legs
• Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes
• Cloudiness to eye lens
• Small blood vessels extending onto the clear cornea
• Vision impairment
• Dilated pupils in daylight, or increased "eye shine" at night