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Borzoi

Borzoi2

A Swift & Athletic Sighthound

Independent, reserved, quiet

Borzoi are loyal, confident, and self-reliant, giant dogs. This breed is a bit reserved with strangers but does well with children and other animals if properly socialized at an early age. Also known as Russian Wolfhounds, these dogs are calm and reserved while indoors, but energetic while outdoors. They can adapt to life in most living conditions. Borzoi make great companions for experienced dog handlers and families with older children. They are lively and require daily exercise and the chance to run each week.

Understanding their unique needs will help keep them healthy and create a strong bond between the two of you. Explore this page to learn more about the breed’s history, health concerns, characteristics, and care needs.

Breed Details

Height:26-28 in. Height:60-105 lb Lifespan:9-13 years

Size
4

1=small 5=large

Grooming requirements
3

1 = little grooming - 5 = much grooming

Energy level
2

1 = low energy - 5 = high energy

Ease of training
2

1 = difficult - 5 = easy

Affection toward owners
3

1 = independent - 5 = very affectionate

Friendliness toward strangers
2

1 = shy - 5 = very friendly

Routine Care: A Borzoi is well suited to apartment life as long as they are given daily walks. They are sensitive dogs and don't do well with harsh training methods or punishment; always end training on a positive note. Borzoi can have a high prey drive, so they need to be leash walked and have a securely fenced yard.

Grooming: They are moderate shedders and daily brushing with regular bathing for their long coat is recommended. Males tend to have thicker coats than females.

Dental: Borzoi generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week!

Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!

The Borzoi is a large dog that loves their daily exercise, but they also enjoy a relaxed afternoon hanging out with their family. You will need to keep the beautiful coat of this athletic aristocrat well brushed! Females may be significantly smaller than males. 

Positive Traits:

  • Quiet—not much of a barker

  • Large, strong, and athletic, with lots of stamina in cooler climates

  • Adaptable to a wide variety of living conditions

  • Devoted, loyal, and protective

  • Confident and self-reliant

Negative Traits:

  • Can be rambunctious and rowdy, especially as a puppy

  • Needs daily exercise

  • Sensitive by nature, a bit slow to mature

  • Sees cats and small animals as prey unless trained otherwise

  • Long coat that needs to be brushed regularly

  • Needs early socialization to accept other pets and strangers

Whether you are considering adding a new Borzoi to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Borzoi will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

By exploring the health concerns specific to the Borzoi you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert.

Some health issues a Borzoi could encounter:

  • Bloat

  • Joint Disease

  • Blood Disorder

  • Thyroid Disease

Borzoi are members of the sighthound family originating from Russia and bred to hunt wolves, fox, and hare. These dogs would pin down prey until the horsemen were able to arrive. Borzoi are also known as Russian Wolfhounds and Long-Haired Greyhounds. In the Russian language, borzii translates to “swift.” They are often enrolled in coursing and obedience events. They have a regal gait and a stately manner. Borzoi are generally healthy with an average lifespan of 9-13 years.

Consult with a veterinarian if your Borzoi shows signs of the following:

  • Dry heaving or a large, tight, painful abdomen

  • General reluctance to run or play

  • Dull coat, hair loss, sluggish, weight gain

  • Any new or changing lumps or bumps 

  • Lameness with or without swelling

  • Fainting, collapse, breathing issues, cough

  • Vomiting, tender abdomen, diarrhea

  • No symptoms progressing to weakness and gum color change

  • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes

  • Cloudiness to eye lens

  • Care

    Routine Care: A Borzoi is well suited to apartment life as long as they are given daily walks. They are sensitive dogs and don't do well with harsh training methods or punishment; always end training on a positive note. Borzoi can have a high prey drive, so they need to be leash walked and have a securely fenced yard.

    Grooming: They are moderate shedders and daily brushing with regular bathing for their long coat is recommended. Males tend to have thicker coats than females.

    Dental: Borzoi generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week!

    Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!

  • Characteristics

    The Borzoi is a large dog that loves their daily exercise, but they also enjoy a relaxed afternoon hanging out with their family. You will need to keep the beautiful coat of this athletic aristocrat well brushed! Females may be significantly smaller than males. 

    Positive Traits:

    • Quiet—not much of a barker

    • Large, strong, and athletic, with lots of stamina in cooler climates

    • Adaptable to a wide variety of living conditions

    • Devoted, loyal, and protective

    • Confident and self-reliant

    Negative Traits:

    • Can be rambunctious and rowdy, especially as a puppy

    • Needs daily exercise

    • Sensitive by nature, a bit slow to mature

    • Sees cats and small animals as prey unless trained otherwise

    • Long coat that needs to be brushed regularly

    • Needs early socialization to accept other pets and strangers

  • Health Concerns

    Whether you are considering adding a new Borzoi to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Borzoi will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

    By exploring the health concerns specific to the Borzoi you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert.

    Some health issues a Borzoi could encounter:

    • Bloat

    • Joint Disease

    • Blood Disorder

    • Thyroid Disease

  • History

    Borzoi are members of the sighthound family originating from Russia and bred to hunt wolves, fox, and hare. These dogs would pin down prey until the horsemen were able to arrive. Borzoi are also known as Russian Wolfhounds and Long-Haired Greyhounds. In the Russian language, borzii translates to “swift.” They are often enrolled in coursing and obedience events. They have a regal gait and a stately manner. Borzoi are generally healthy with an average lifespan of 9-13 years.

  • Watch Out For

    Consult with a veterinarian if your Borzoi shows signs of the following:

    • Dry heaving or a large, tight, painful abdomen

    • General reluctance to run or play

    • Dull coat, hair loss, sluggish, weight gain

    • Any new or changing lumps or bumps 

    • Lameness with or without swelling

    • Fainting, collapse, breathing issues, cough

    • Vomiting, tender abdomen, diarrhea

    • No symptoms progressing to weakness and gum color change

    • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes

    • Cloudiness to eye lens

Borzoi Discussions

Share your thoughts and experiences, ask questions, or just show your love for the Borzoi breed here!

Select Another Breed

To view the sources for the information listed on this page, see our Dog Breed Guide Reference page.

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