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Bouvier des Flandres

Bouvier-des-Flandres

A Gentle Family Guardian

Loyal, independent, reserved

Bouvier des Flandres are intelligent, familial, and even-tempered, large dogs. Bouviers are great family members— they’re friendly with children, devoted and affectionate to their families, and typically aloof toward unfamiliar people and dogs. These herding dogs fare best with an active owner with a large yard and would be happiest in colder climates. This hypoallergenic breed makes a great companion for those with allergies. Bouviers are mellow and relaxed while indoors, but active and energetic while outdoors, so they are happiest with a good jog or vigorous play every day.

Understanding their unique needs will help keep them healthy and create a strong bond between the two of you. Explore this page to learn more about the breed’s history, health concerns, characteristics, and care needs.

Breed Details

Height:23.5-27.5 in. Weight:69-90 lb Lifespan:10-11 years

Size
4

1 = small 5 = large

Grooming requirements
4

1 = little grooming - 5 = much grooming

Energy level
3

1 = low energy - 5 = high energy

Ease of training
3

1 = difficult - 5 = easy

Affection toward owners
3

1 = independent - 5 = very affectionate

Friendliness toward strangers
3

1 = shy - 5 = very friendly

Routine Care: Bouvier des Flandres have a long beard that can get messy while eating and drinking and will need some attention to keep it clean. They are easy to train but early obedience and socialization are required to keep them from becoming overprotective and dominant.

Grooming: These dogs are hypoallergenic and have a shaggy coat that requires weekly brushing and trimming at least 3 times a year.

Dental: Bouvier Des Flandres generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week!

Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!


These sweethearts loves your company, they are sure to make a great addition to your family. Bouviers are only moderately active in the house, but they enjoy outside play and do best in a farm or country environment.

Positive Traits:

• Even temper and gentle disposition

• Bold, steady, and fearless

• An excellent guard dog, courageous and dependable

• Good with children

• Agile, sturdy, and muscular

• An excellent family dog that loves human companionship

Negative Traits:

• Needs to be exercised and groomed regularly

• Sensitive by nature, a bit slow to mature

• Strong herding instinct can lead to chasing cars and small animals

• Needs frequent attention from her family

• Might be bossy and overprotective if not well socialized early

• Can be gassy and drool a lot

Whether you are considering adding a new Bouvier des Flandres to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Bouvier des Flandres will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds.

By exploring the health concerns specific to the Bouvier des Flandres you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They're counting on you to be their health expert.

Some health issues a Bouvier des Flandres could encounter:

Bouviers originated in Belgium and Northern France and were bred to be herding and working dogs. They were frequently used to drive cattle and pull carts, and now they can be found performing jobs like police/military working dog or as a guide dog. They are described as loyal guardians that are intelligent and independent thinkers. Bouvier des Flandres is a generally healthy breed with an average lifespan of 10-11 years.

Consult with a veterinarian if your Bouvier des Flanders shows signs of the following:

• Swollen lymph nodes or glands, unexplained weight loss

• General reluctance to run or play

• Front leg lameness

• Matted fur, hairloss, sores

• Misplaced or missing teeth, bad breath, hair and food stuck between teeth

• Diarrhea

• Tubular vomit, undigested food

• Louder than normal panting, especially when hot or after exercise

• Dry heaving or a large, tight, painful abdomen

• Squinting, watery eyes, bluing cornea, redness, enlarged eye

• Cloudiness to eye lens

• Increased blinking, extra tears and squinting

• Dull coat, hair loss, sluggish, weight gain

• Coughing, fainting episodes, tiring easily

• Slow or stunted growth; sometimes seizures after eating

  • Care

    Routine Care: Bouvier des Flandres have a long beard that can get messy while eating and drinking and will need some attention to keep it clean. They are easy to train but early obedience and socialization are required to keep them from becoming overprotective and dominant.

    Grooming: These dogs are hypoallergenic and have a shaggy coat that requires weekly brushing and trimming at least 3 times a year.

    Dental: Bouvier Des Flandres generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week!

    Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!


  • Characteristics

    These sweethearts loves your company, they are sure to make a great addition to your family. Bouviers are only moderately active in the house, but they enjoy outside play and do best in a farm or country environment.

    Positive Traits:

    • Even temper and gentle disposition

    • Bold, steady, and fearless

    • An excellent guard dog, courageous and dependable

    • Good with children

    • Agile, sturdy, and muscular

    • An excellent family dog that loves human companionship

    Negative Traits:

    • Needs to be exercised and groomed regularly

    • Sensitive by nature, a bit slow to mature

    • Strong herding instinct can lead to chasing cars and small animals

    • Needs frequent attention from her family

    • Might be bossy and overprotective if not well socialized early

    • Can be gassy and drool a lot

  • Health Concerns

    Whether you are considering adding a new Bouvier des Flandres to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Bouvier des Flandres will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds.

    By exploring the health concerns specific to the Bouvier des Flandres you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They're counting on you to be their health expert.

    Some health issues a Bouvier des Flandres could encounter:

  • History

    Bouviers originated in Belgium and Northern France and were bred to be herding and working dogs. They were frequently used to drive cattle and pull carts, and now they can be found performing jobs like police/military working dog or as a guide dog. They are described as loyal guardians that are intelligent and independent thinkers. Bouvier des Flandres is a generally healthy breed with an average lifespan of 10-11 years.

  • Watch Out For

    Consult with a veterinarian if your Bouvier des Flanders shows signs of the following:

    • Swollen lymph nodes or glands, unexplained weight loss

    • General reluctance to run or play

    • Front leg lameness

    • Matted fur, hairloss, sores

    • Misplaced or missing teeth, bad breath, hair and food stuck between teeth

    • Diarrhea

    • Tubular vomit, undigested food

    • Louder than normal panting, especially when hot or after exercise

    • Dry heaving or a large, tight, painful abdomen

    • Squinting, watery eyes, bluing cornea, redness, enlarged eye

    • Cloudiness to eye lens

    • Increased blinking, extra tears and squinting

    • Dull coat, hair loss, sluggish, weight gain

    • Coughing, fainting episodes, tiring easily

    • Slow or stunted growth; sometimes seizures after eating

Bouvier des Flandres Discussions

Share your thoughts and experiences, ask questions, or just show your love for the Bouvier des Flandres breed here!

Select Another Breed

To view the sources for the information listed on this page, see our Dog Breed Guide Reference page.

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