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Briard

Briard2

A Lover With Luscious Locks

Alert, loyal, intelligent

Briards are eager to please, curious, and busy, large dogs. This breed is territorial with other animals, but usually good with the pets in their own family if they’ve been raised together since puppyhood. Briards make great companions for families and active individuals. Plenty of exercise every day is crucial to this breed—they make great jogging partners and love to swim.

Understanding their unique needs will help keep them healthy and create a strong bond between the two of you. Explore this page to learn more about the breed’s history, health concerns, characteristics, and care needs.

Breed Details

Height:22-27 in. Weight:50-100 lb Lifespan:10-12 years

Size
4

1=small 5=large

Grooming requirements
4

1 = little grooming - 5 = much grooming

Energy level
3

1 = low energy - 5 = high energy

Ease of training
1

1 = difficult - 5 = easy

Affection toward owners
3

1 = independent - 5 = very affectionate

Friendliness toward strangers
1

1 = shy - 5 = very friendly

Routine Care: The Briard is a smart dog with lots of energy, so keep their mind and body active, or they'll get bored. They also have a high prey drive, so a leash when outdoors is a must.

Grooming: Daily brushing is recommended to prevent mats.

Dental: Briards generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week!

Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!


The Briard is a devoted protector of family and home. They require frequent attention and care; the perfect dog for someone who wants a constant companion.

Positive Traits:

  • Alert, curious, and busy

  • People-oriented and eager to please

  • Excellent watchdog

  • Highly intelligent, playful, and energetic

  • Great with kids and other dogs: a true family pet

  • Loyal and loving companion

Negative Traits:

  • Long coat needs to be brushed regularly

  • Needs a lot of activity and mental stimulation to avoid boredom vices

  • Sees cats and small animals as prey unless trained otherwise

  • Does not tolerate harsh reprimands or negative-reinforcement training

  • Might be bossy and overprotective if not well socialized early

Whether you are considering adding a new Briard to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Briard will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds.

By exploring the health concerns specific to the Briard you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert. 

Some health issues a Briard could encounter:


Because Briards are devoted and affectionate, they are often described as "hearts wrapped in fur." Briards are an ancient breed from France designed for herding and protection, which are still strong traits in the breed. With an average lifespan of 10-12 years, the Briard is generally a healthy dog. The large size and deep chest of the breed makes them susceptible to hip dysplasia and bloat.

Consult with a veterinarian if your Briard shows signs of the following:

  • Leg stiffness, reluctance to rise, sit, use stairs, run, jump, or “bunny hopping”

  • Dry heaving or a large, tight, painful abdomen

  • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes

  • Cloudiness to eye lens

  • Dilated pupils in daylight, or increased "eye shine" at night

  • Any new or changing lumps or bumps

  • Excessive licking or chewing, pawing at face and/or ears, head shaking, face rubbing

  • Matted fur, hairloss, sores

  • Symmetrical hair loss without itching

  • Dull coat, hair loss, sluggish, weight gain

  • Urine leaking when awake

  • Tubular vomit, undigested food

  • Front leg lameness

  • Swollen lymph nodes or glands, unexplained weight loss

  • Care

    Routine Care: The Briard is a smart dog with lots of energy, so keep their mind and body active, or they'll get bored. They also have a high prey drive, so a leash when outdoors is a must.

    Grooming: Daily brushing is recommended to prevent mats.

    Dental: Briards generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week!

    Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!


  • Characteristics

    The Briard is a devoted protector of family and home. They require frequent attention and care; the perfect dog for someone who wants a constant companion.

    Positive Traits:

    • Alert, curious, and busy

    • People-oriented and eager to please

    • Excellent watchdog

    • Highly intelligent, playful, and energetic

    • Great with kids and other dogs: a true family pet

    • Loyal and loving companion

    Negative Traits:

    • Long coat needs to be brushed regularly

    • Needs a lot of activity and mental stimulation to avoid boredom vices

    • Sees cats and small animals as prey unless trained otherwise

    • Does not tolerate harsh reprimands or negative-reinforcement training

    • Might be bossy and overprotective if not well socialized early

  • Health Concerns

    Whether you are considering adding a new Briard to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Briard will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds.

    By exploring the health concerns specific to the Briard you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert. 

    Some health issues a Briard could encounter:


  • History

    Because Briards are devoted and affectionate, they are often described as "hearts wrapped in fur." Briards are an ancient breed from France designed for herding and protection, which are still strong traits in the breed. With an average lifespan of 10-12 years, the Briard is generally a healthy dog. The large size and deep chest of the breed makes them susceptible to hip dysplasia and bloat.

  • Watch Out For

    Consult with a veterinarian if your Briard shows signs of the following:

    • Leg stiffness, reluctance to rise, sit, use stairs, run, jump, or “bunny hopping”

    • Dry heaving or a large, tight, painful abdomen

    • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes

    • Cloudiness to eye lens

    • Dilated pupils in daylight, or increased "eye shine" at night

    • Any new or changing lumps or bumps

    • Excessive licking or chewing, pawing at face and/or ears, head shaking, face rubbing

    • Matted fur, hairloss, sores

    • Symmetrical hair loss without itching

    • Dull coat, hair loss, sluggish, weight gain

    • Urine leaking when awake

    • Tubular vomit, undigested food

    • Front leg lameness

    • Swollen lymph nodes or glands, unexplained weight loss

Briard Discussions

Share your thoughts and experiences, ask questions, or just show your love for the Briard breed here!

Select Another Breed

To view the sources for the information listed on this page, see our Dog Breed Guide Reference page.

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