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Brittany

Brittany

A Gentle & Energetic Companion

Affectionate, bouncy, sensitive

Brittanys are active, jolly, and loyal, medium-sized dogs. This hunting breed is wary of strangers and other animals, but is gentle when properly socialized at an early age. They are prone to boredom, and may have a tendency to bark and chew when bored. Formally known as Brittany Spaniels, they make great companions for families, retirees, and active individuals. With so much energy, these dogs require at least an hour of exertion every day.

Understanding their unique needs will help keep them healthy and create a strong bond between the two of you. Explore this page to learn more about the breed’s history, health concerns, characteristics, and care needs.

Breed Details

Height:17.5-20.5 in. Weight:30-40 lb Lifespan:13-14 years

Size
3

1=small 5=large

Grooming requirements
1

1 = little grooming - 5 = much grooming

Energy level
4

1 = low energy - 5 = high energy

Ease of training
4

1 = difficult - 5 = easy

Affection toward owners
5

1 = independent - 5 = very affectionate

Friendliness toward strangers
5

1 = shy - 5 = very friendly

Routine Care: The Brittany is a high-energy breed with a strong play drive who needs plenty of exercise, a fenced yard, and leashed walks. 

Grooming: Brush coat as needed, at least weekly.

Dental: Brittanys often have serious problems with their teeth, so you’ll need to brush them at least three times a week!

Ear Care: Clean ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!


The Brittany is a happy and playful companion with high energy needs who is eager to please and loves spending time with the family.

Positive Traits:

  • Highly active and eager to have a purpose

  • Bouncy, cheerful, loyal, and enthusiastic

  • Sweet, gentle, and sensitive

  • Excellent hunting dog

  • Good with children

  • Has a short, easy-to-care-for coat

Negative Traits:

  • Requires vigorous, frequent exercise and space to run

  • May have a tendency to bark excessively

  • Easily bored if not given something to do, which leads to barking and chewing

  • Needs frequent attention from her family

  • Must be properly socialized with humans and other animals

  • Sees cats and small animals as prey unless trained otherwise

Whether you are considering adding a new Brittany to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Brittany will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

By exploring the health concerns specific to the Brittany you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. Your Brittany is counting on you to be the health expert.

Some health issues a Brittany could encounter:


Brittanys originated in France during the early 1700's and were bred for hunting. They excel at canine sports and have the most Dual Champions among all of the AKC sporting breeds. Brittanys are highly energetic and require vigorous exercise, and thus are an ideal companion for an active family. Brittanys are a healthy breed with an average lifespan of 13-14 years. The breed's floppy ears make them prone to ear infections as well as a few other problems. Early diagnosis is the key to a long and happy life; be sure to schedule routine checkups.

Consult with a veterinarian if your Brittany shows signs of the following:

  • General reluctance to run or play

  • Front leg lameness

  • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes

  • Cloudiness to eye lens

  • Painful eye, excessive tearing, eyes may appear asymmetric or cloudy

  • Squinting, watery eyes, bluing cornea, redness, enlarged eye

  • Any abnormal shaking, trembling, or excessive involuntary tremors

  • Excessive incoordination, beyond normal puppy clumsiness

  • Misplaced or missing teeth, bad breath, hair and food stuck between teeth

  • Excessive licking or chewing, pawing at face and/or ears, head shaking, face rubbing

  • Dull coat, hair loss, sluggish, weight gain

  • Care

    Routine Care: The Brittany is a high-energy breed with a strong play drive who needs plenty of exercise, a fenced yard, and leashed walks. 

    Grooming: Brush coat as needed, at least weekly.

    Dental: Brittanys often have serious problems with their teeth, so you’ll need to brush them at least three times a week!

    Ear Care: Clean ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!


  • Characteristics

    The Brittany is a happy and playful companion with high energy needs who is eager to please and loves spending time with the family.

    Positive Traits:

    • Highly active and eager to have a purpose

    • Bouncy, cheerful, loyal, and enthusiastic

    • Sweet, gentle, and sensitive

    • Excellent hunting dog

    • Good with children

    • Has a short, easy-to-care-for coat

    Negative Traits:

    • Requires vigorous, frequent exercise and space to run

    • May have a tendency to bark excessively

    • Easily bored if not given something to do, which leads to barking and chewing

    • Needs frequent attention from her family

    • Must be properly socialized with humans and other animals

    • Sees cats and small animals as prey unless trained otherwise

  • Health Concerns

    Whether you are considering adding a new Brittany to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Brittany will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

    By exploring the health concerns specific to the Brittany you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. Your Brittany is counting on you to be the health expert.

    Some health issues a Brittany could encounter:


  • History

    Brittanys originated in France during the early 1700's and were bred for hunting. They excel at canine sports and have the most Dual Champions among all of the AKC sporting breeds. Brittanys are highly energetic and require vigorous exercise, and thus are an ideal companion for an active family. Brittanys are a healthy breed with an average lifespan of 13-14 years. The breed's floppy ears make them prone to ear infections as well as a few other problems. Early diagnosis is the key to a long and happy life; be sure to schedule routine checkups.

  • Watch Out For

    Consult with a veterinarian if your Brittany shows signs of the following:

    • General reluctance to run or play

    • Front leg lameness

    • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes

    • Cloudiness to eye lens

    • Painful eye, excessive tearing, eyes may appear asymmetric or cloudy

    • Squinting, watery eyes, bluing cornea, redness, enlarged eye

    • Any abnormal shaking, trembling, or excessive involuntary tremors

    • Excessive incoordination, beyond normal puppy clumsiness

    • Misplaced or missing teeth, bad breath, hair and food stuck between teeth

    • Excessive licking or chewing, pawing at face and/or ears, head shaking, face rubbing

    • Dull coat, hair loss, sluggish, weight gain

Brittany Discussions

Share your thoughts and experiences, ask questions, or just show your love for the Brittany breed here!

Select Another Breed

To view the sources for the information listed on this page, see our Dog Breed Guide Reference page.

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