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Brussels Griffon

BrusselsGriffon

A Quirky & Playful Companion

Mischievous, curious, spunky

Brussels Griffons are highly intelligent, lovable, and alert, small dogs. This entertaining breed does well with children and other pets, and loves to climb into their owners’ laps. It may be challenging to train these dogs, and it is recommended to start training and socialization as puppies. These dogs develop close bonds with their family members when given plenty of love and attention. They are prone to boredom and do not do well when left alone for long periods of time. Moderate exercise helps them stay calm and content—they only need a short walk or play session every day.

Understanding their unique needs will help keep them healthy and create a strong bond between the two of you. Explore this page to learn more about the breed’s history, health concerns, characteristics, and care needs. 

Breed Details

Height:9-11 in. Weight:8-10 lb Lifespan:13-14 years

Size
1

1=small 5=large

Grooming requirements
4

1 = little grooming - 5 = much grooming

Energy level
4

1 = low energy - 5 = high energy

Ease of training
3

1 = difficult - 5 = easy

Affection toward owners
4

1 = independent - 5 = very affectionate

Friendliness toward strangers
2

1 = shy - 5 = very friendly

Routine Care: Brussels Griffons are well suited for apartment living; they will need a daily walk and regular inside play. They are highly intelligent and can be taught to perform a variety of tricks to keep them mentally stimulated.

Grooming: Brush their coat as needed, at least weekly. Professional grooming is recommended 3-4 times a year.

Dental: Brussels Griffons often have serious problems with their teeth, so you’ll need to brush them at least three times a week!

Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!

 

A smart and curious dog, Brussels Griffons will bring entertainment to the whole family. An ideal companion for someone who works from home because they may not do well when left alone.

Positive Traits:

• Above average intelligence and trainability when positive reinforcement training methods are used

• Lovable, playful companion

• Quirky, entertaining personality

• Alert, curious, and busy

• Vigilant watchdog with a ready bark

Negative Traits:

• Can be difficult to housetrain

• Easily bored and will find her own fun

• Needs frequent attention from her family

• Does not easily make friends with strangers

• Early obedience training and socialization is recommended

• Bold and fearless, may attack much larger dogs

Whether you are considering adding a new Brussels Griffon to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Brussels Griffon will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds.

By exploring the health concerns specific to the Brussels Griffon you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert.

Some health issues a Brussels Griffon could encounter:


 

The Brussels Griffon is a sturdy little dog with a big personality. Sometimes known as Griffons, they were originally bred in Belgium for catching rats, but the focus has switched to producing wonderful companions. Griffons can have a wirehaired or smooth coat that requires an average amount of grooming.

Griffons are “velcro” dogs that form a close bond with one or two members of their family, who they’ll follow everywhere. Griffons are a healthy breed with an average lifespan of 13-14 years, but you do need to watch for some common conditions like cataracts and allergies. Early detection is the key to a long and happy life; so be sure to schedule routine checkups.

Consult with a veterinarian if your Brussels Griffon shows signs of the following:

• Loud breathing, tires easily at exercise

• Cloudiness to eye lens

• Excessive licking or chewing, pawing at face and/or ears, head shaking, face rubbing

• Matted fur, hairloss, sores

• Pain or straining to urinate, bloody urine

• General reluctance to run or play

• Increasing hip pain at less than a year old

• Any abnormal shaking, trembling, or excessive involuntary tremors

• Unplanned pregnancy can be dangerous

• Dull coat, hair loss, sluggish, weight gain

• Dilated pupils in daylight, or increased "eye shine" at night

  • Care

    Routine Care: Brussels Griffons are well suited for apartment living; they will need a daily walk and regular inside play. They are highly intelligent and can be taught to perform a variety of tricks to keep them mentally stimulated.

    Grooming: Brush their coat as needed, at least weekly. Professional grooming is recommended 3-4 times a year.

    Dental: Brussels Griffons often have serious problems with their teeth, so you’ll need to brush them at least three times a week!

    Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!

     

  • Characteristics

    A smart and curious dog, Brussels Griffons will bring entertainment to the whole family. An ideal companion for someone who works from home because they may not do well when left alone.

    Positive Traits:

    • Above average intelligence and trainability when positive reinforcement training methods are used

    • Lovable, playful companion

    • Quirky, entertaining personality

    • Alert, curious, and busy

    • Vigilant watchdog with a ready bark

    Negative Traits:

    • Can be difficult to housetrain

    • Easily bored and will find her own fun

    • Needs frequent attention from her family

    • Does not easily make friends with strangers

    • Early obedience training and socialization is recommended

    • Bold and fearless, may attack much larger dogs

  • Health Concerns

    Whether you are considering adding a new Brussels Griffon to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Brussels Griffon will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds.

    By exploring the health concerns specific to the Brussels Griffon you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert.

    Some health issues a Brussels Griffon could encounter:


     

  • History

    The Brussels Griffon is a sturdy little dog with a big personality. Sometimes known as Griffons, they were originally bred in Belgium for catching rats, but the focus has switched to producing wonderful companions. Griffons can have a wirehaired or smooth coat that requires an average amount of grooming.

    Griffons are “velcro” dogs that form a close bond with one or two members of their family, who they’ll follow everywhere. Griffons are a healthy breed with an average lifespan of 13-14 years, but you do need to watch for some common conditions like cataracts and allergies. Early detection is the key to a long and happy life; so be sure to schedule routine checkups.

  • Watch Out For

    Consult with a veterinarian if your Brussels Griffon shows signs of the following:

    • Loud breathing, tires easily at exercise

    • Cloudiness to eye lens

    • Excessive licking or chewing, pawing at face and/or ears, head shaking, face rubbing

    • Matted fur, hairloss, sores

    • Pain or straining to urinate, bloody urine

    • General reluctance to run or play

    • Increasing hip pain at less than a year old

    • Any abnormal shaking, trembling, or excessive involuntary tremors

    • Unplanned pregnancy can be dangerous

    • Dull coat, hair loss, sluggish, weight gain

    • Dilated pupils in daylight, or increased "eye shine" at night

Brussels Griffon Discussions

Share your thoughts and experiences, ask questions, or just show your love for the Brussels Griffon breed here!

Select Another Breed

To view the sources for the information listed on this page, see our Dog Breed Guide Reference page.

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