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English Bulldog

bulldog

A Comical & Easygoing Companion

Amiable, mellow, outgoing

English Bulldogs are affectionate, lovable, and courageous, medium-sized dogs. This gentle breed does great with children and generally gets along with other pets. Early socialization and constant leadership is recommended. Bulldogs often wheeze, snore, and drool and most cannot swim. They overheat easily and do best in moderate temperatures. Just a short walk every day (in cool weather) is great for Bulldogs, so they do well living in an apartment or small home.

Understanding their unique needs will help keep them healthy and create a strong bond between the two of you. Explore this page to learn more about the breed’s history, health concerns, characteristics, and care needs.

The Bulldog in the photo is not yet fully grown.

Breed Details

Height:12-15 in. Weight:40-50 lb Lifespan:10-12 years

Size
3

1 = small - 5 = large

Grooming requirements
1

1 = little grooming - 5 = much grooming

Energy level
1

1 = low energy - 5 = high energy

Ease of training
2

1 = difficult - 5 = easy

Affection toward owners
5

1 = independent - 5 = very affectionate

Friendliness toward strangers
4

1 = shy - 5 = very friendly

Routine Care: The Bulldog has deep wrinkles that need to be cleaned and dried often to prevent infections. As an adult, they can have a tendency to be lazy so you must ensure they receive adequate exercise by providing a daily walk. They are sensitive to temperature extremes; avoid any prolonged exposure and be very alert to the signs of heat stress. 

Grooming: They have low grooming needs. Brush their coat as needed, at least weekly.

Dental: Bulldogs often have serious problems with their teeth, so you’ll need to brush them at least three times a week! 

Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian  can show you how!

The Bulldog is an intelligent and dependable companion that forms close human bonds. With early socialization and consistent leadership, they are a social and cheerful addition to any family.

Positive Traits: 

  • Affectionate, easygoing, and lovable 

  • Quiet—not much of a barker 

  • Good with kids and other pets 

  • An excellent guard dog, courageous and dependable 

  • Adaptable to a wide variety of living conditions 

  • Outgoing and friendly personality

Negative Traits: 

  • Can be gassy and drool a lot 

  • Makes a lot of snorting, snuffling, and wheezing noises, and may snore 

  • Can become overweight easily if not exercised regularly 

  • Can be rambunctious and rowdy, especially as a puppy 

  • Sensitive, matures slowly 

  • Can be possessive of toys and food, tending to show dominance 

Whether you are considering adding a new Bulldog to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Bulldog will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

By exploring the health concerns specific to the Bulldog you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert. 

Some health issues a Bulldog could encounter:

The modern Bulldog, with a heavy, thickset, low body and massive head, originated in England after the elimination of bull baiting in 1835. The Old English Bulldog was crossed with the Pug to create a more docile and affectionate family pet. The Bulldog retained its protective and fearless nature, but aggressive and ferocious tendencies were removed from the breed. Bulldogs serve as popular mascots, representing strength in the face of adversity for the US Marine Corps and more than 30 US Universities. Bulldogs are famous for their gentle nature, fondness of children, and clownish antics. The Bulldog is a generally healthy breed with an average lifespan of 10-12 years.

Consult with a veterinarian if your Bulldog shows signs of the following:

  • General reluctance to run or play 

  • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes 

  • Increased blinking, extra tears and squinting 

  • Increased blinking, extra tears and squinting 

  • Redness, squinting or greenish eye discharge 

  • Red blob at the corner of the eye 

  • Pain or straining to urinate, bloody urine 

  • Loud breathing, tires easily at exercise 

  • Unplanned pregnancy can be dangerous 

  • Coughing, exercise intolerance, rapid breathing at rest 

  • Dry, scaly, sometimes itchy hairless patches on face or paws 

  • Louder than normal panting, especially when hot or after exercise 

  • Misplaced or missing teeth, bad breath, hair and food stuck between teeth


  • Care

    Routine Care: The Bulldog has deep wrinkles that need to be cleaned and dried often to prevent infections. As an adult, they can have a tendency to be lazy so you must ensure they receive adequate exercise by providing a daily walk. They are sensitive to temperature extremes; avoid any prolonged exposure and be very alert to the signs of heat stress. 

    Grooming: They have low grooming needs. Brush their coat as needed, at least weekly.

    Dental: Bulldogs often have serious problems with their teeth, so you’ll need to brush them at least three times a week! 

    Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian  can show you how!

  • Characteristics

    The Bulldog is an intelligent and dependable companion that forms close human bonds. With early socialization and consistent leadership, they are a social and cheerful addition to any family.

    Positive Traits: 

    • Affectionate, easygoing, and lovable 

    • Quiet—not much of a barker 

    • Good with kids and other pets 

    • An excellent guard dog, courageous and dependable 

    • Adaptable to a wide variety of living conditions 

    • Outgoing and friendly personality

    Negative Traits: 

    • Can be gassy and drool a lot 

    • Makes a lot of snorting, snuffling, and wheezing noises, and may snore 

    • Can become overweight easily if not exercised regularly 

    • Can be rambunctious and rowdy, especially as a puppy 

    • Sensitive, matures slowly 

    • Can be possessive of toys and food, tending to show dominance 

  • Health Concerns

    Whether you are considering adding a new Bulldog to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Bulldog will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

    By exploring the health concerns specific to the Bulldog you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert. 

    Some health issues a Bulldog could encounter:

  • History

    The modern Bulldog, with a heavy, thickset, low body and massive head, originated in England after the elimination of bull baiting in 1835. The Old English Bulldog was crossed with the Pug to create a more docile and affectionate family pet. The Bulldog retained its protective and fearless nature, but aggressive and ferocious tendencies were removed from the breed. Bulldogs serve as popular mascots, representing strength in the face of adversity for the US Marine Corps and more than 30 US Universities. Bulldogs are famous for their gentle nature, fondness of children, and clownish antics. The Bulldog is a generally healthy breed with an average lifespan of 10-12 years.

  • Watch Out For

    Consult with a veterinarian if your Bulldog shows signs of the following:

    • General reluctance to run or play 

    • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes 

    • Increased blinking, extra tears and squinting 

    • Increased blinking, extra tears and squinting 

    • Redness, squinting or greenish eye discharge 

    • Red blob at the corner of the eye 

    • Pain or straining to urinate, bloody urine 

    • Loud breathing, tires easily at exercise 

    • Unplanned pregnancy can be dangerous 

    • Coughing, exercise intolerance, rapid breathing at rest 

    • Dry, scaly, sometimes itchy hairless patches on face or paws 

    • Louder than normal panting, especially when hot or after exercise 

    • Misplaced or missing teeth, bad breath, hair and food stuck between teeth


English Bulldog Discussions

Share your thoughts and experiences, ask questions, or just show your love for the English Bulldog breed here!

Select Another Breed

To view the sources for the information listed on this page, see our Dog Breed Guide Reference page.

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