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Doberman Pinscher

DobermanPinscher

A Noble & Loyal Companion

Strong, obedient, protective

Doberman Pinschers are easily motivated, devoted, and energetic, large dogs. This athletic breed is typically wary of unfamiliar dogs, but will be well-mannered if properly socialized at a young age. They are sensitive to extreme climates and do best living indoors. Although Dobies can be domineering, they are very obedient and responsive dogs. Dobies make great companions for singles, active individuals, and experienced dog handlers. They like to be challenged mentally with games and training, and need a lot of vigorous daily exercise.

Understanding their unique needs will help keep them healthy and create a strong bond between the two of you. Explore this page to learn more about the breed’s history, health concerns, characteristics, and care needs.

Breed Details

Height:24-28 in. Weight:65-90 lb Lifespan:10-13 years

Size
4

1=small 5=large

Grooming requirements
1

1 = little grooming - 5 = much grooming

Energy level
4

1 = low energy - 5 = high energy

Ease of training
5

1 = difficult - 5 = easy

Affection toward owners
4

1 = independent - 5 = very affectionate

Friendliness toward strangers
2

1 = shy - 5 = very friendly

Routine Care: Doberman Pinschers are smart dogs with lots of energy, so keep their minds and bodies active, or they'll get bored. That's when the naughty stuff starts.

Grooming: They have low grooming needs. Brush their coat as needed, at least weekly.

Dental: Doberman Pinschers generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week!

Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!


Doberman Pinschers are protective and affectionate dogs who need a strong leader, daily exercise, and enjoy time spent hanging out with their family.

Positive Traits:

  • Energetic and playful

  • An affectionate companion and family dog

  • Obedient and devoted

  • Easily motivated and trainable

  • Protective and an excellent guard dog

  • Large, strong, and athletic

Negative Traits:

  • Can be aggressive, fearful, or snappy if not socialized properly

  • Requires vigorous, frequent exercise and space to run

  • Prone to boredom and separation anxiety, with associated chewing and howling behaviors

  • Can be rambunctious and rowdy, especially as a puppy

  • Overprotective of family and territory if not socialized properly

  • Sensitive, matures slowly

Whether you are considering adding a new Doberman Pinscher to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Doberman Pinscher will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

By exploring the health concerns specific to the Doberman Pinscher you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert.

Some health issues a Doberman Pinscher could encounter:

  • Neurological Disease

  • Bloat

  • Bleeding Disorders

  • Hemolytic Anemia and Thrombocytopenia

  • Liver Disorder

  • Eye Problems

  • Bone and Joint Problems

  • Back Problems

  • Bone Pain

  • Arthritis

  • Cancer

  • Multiple Skin Problems

  • Mange

  • Autoimmune Skin Disease
  • Lick Granuloma

The Dobie is a relatively new breed compared to the ancestry of other canines. In the early 1900’s a German Tax collector by the name of Louis Dobermann, began to selectively breed a line of dogs to provide owner protection. As the story goes, Mr. Dobermann used his Dobies to protect him while traveling through bandit filled territories. To this day, Dobies make excellent guard dogs and rarely need additional training in this area. While not usually outwardly aggressive, they do require proper socialization and training during puppyhood! With encouragement, they make a wonderful addition to the family. They are intelligent, almost stealth-like, and have great stamina. Give them a job and lots of exercise and you’ll have a great friend for life! The Doberman Pinscher is a generally healthy breed with an average lifespan of 13 years.

Consult with a veterinarian if your Doberman Pinscher shows signs of the following:

  • Fainting, collapse, breathing issues, cough

  • Dry heaving or a large, tight, painful abdomen

  • Gums that are a color other than bright pink

  • Depression, poor appetite, yellowing of the eyes

  • Increased hunger and thirst, weight loss

  • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes

  • Stiffness or reluctance to rise/sit/use stairs

  • Dull coat, hair loss, sluggish, weight gain

  • Dry, scaly, sometimes itchy hairless patches on face or paws

  • Obsessive licking, non-healing sore on a paw or leg

  • Care

    Routine Care: Doberman Pinschers are smart dogs with lots of energy, so keep their minds and bodies active, or they'll get bored. That's when the naughty stuff starts.

    Grooming: They have low grooming needs. Brush their coat as needed, at least weekly.

    Dental: Doberman Pinschers generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week!

    Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!


  • Characteristics

    Doberman Pinschers are protective and affectionate dogs who need a strong leader, daily exercise, and enjoy time spent hanging out with their family.

    Positive Traits:

    • Energetic and playful

    • An affectionate companion and family dog

    • Obedient and devoted

    • Easily motivated and trainable

    • Protective and an excellent guard dog

    • Large, strong, and athletic

    Negative Traits:

    • Can be aggressive, fearful, or snappy if not socialized properly

    • Requires vigorous, frequent exercise and space to run

    • Prone to boredom and separation anxiety, with associated chewing and howling behaviors

    • Can be rambunctious and rowdy, especially as a puppy

    • Overprotective of family and territory if not socialized properly

    • Sensitive, matures slowly

  • Health Concerns

    Whether you are considering adding a new Doberman Pinscher to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Doberman Pinscher will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

    By exploring the health concerns specific to the Doberman Pinscher you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert.

    Some health issues a Doberman Pinscher could encounter:

    • Neurological Disease

    • Bloat

    • Bleeding Disorders

    • Hemolytic Anemia and Thrombocytopenia

    • Liver Disorder

    • Eye Problems

    • Bone and Joint Problems

    • Back Problems

    • Bone Pain

    • Arthritis

    • Cancer

    • Multiple Skin Problems

    • Mange

    • Autoimmune Skin Disease
    • Lick Granuloma
  • History

    The Dobie is a relatively new breed compared to the ancestry of other canines. In the early 1900’s a German Tax collector by the name of Louis Dobermann, began to selectively breed a line of dogs to provide owner protection. As the story goes, Mr. Dobermann used his Dobies to protect him while traveling through bandit filled territories. To this day, Dobies make excellent guard dogs and rarely need additional training in this area. While not usually outwardly aggressive, they do require proper socialization and training during puppyhood! With encouragement, they make a wonderful addition to the family. They are intelligent, almost stealth-like, and have great stamina. Give them a job and lots of exercise and you’ll have a great friend for life! The Doberman Pinscher is a generally healthy breed with an average lifespan of 13 years.

  • Watch Out For

    Consult with a veterinarian if your Doberman Pinscher shows signs of the following:

    • Fainting, collapse, breathing issues, cough

    • Dry heaving or a large, tight, painful abdomen

    • Gums that are a color other than bright pink

    • Depression, poor appetite, yellowing of the eyes

    • Increased hunger and thirst, weight loss

    • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes

    • Stiffness or reluctance to rise/sit/use stairs

    • Dull coat, hair loss, sluggish, weight gain

    • Dry, scaly, sometimes itchy hairless patches on face or paws

    • Obsessive licking, non-healing sore on a paw or leg

Doberman Pinscher Discussions

Share your thoughts and experiences, ask questions, or just show your love for the Doberman Pinscher breed here!

Select Another Breed

To view the sources for the information listed on this page, see our Dog Breed Guide Reference page.

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