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Dogue de Bordeaux

DoguedeBordeaux

A Powerful Yet Peaceful Guardian

Calm, affectionate, courageous

Dogue De Bordeaux are even-tempered, confident, and fearless giant dogs. Also known as the French Mastiff, this steady breed is typically wary of strangers, but socializes well with other animals. This breed needs an owner that demonstrates strong leadership, and should be trained and socialized as a puppy. They are gentle with children, but aren't good for people that are inexperienced with dogs. Dogues make great companions for families with older children and experienced dog handlers. These dogs need a lot of exercise and should be taken on a long walk every day to prevent development of behavioral issues.

Understanding their unique needs will help keep them healthy and create a strong bond between the two of you. Explore this page to learn more about the breed’s history, health concerns, characteristics, and care needs.

Breed Details

Height:23-30 in. Weight:120-145 lb Lifespan:10-12 years

Size
5

1=small 5=large

Grooming requirements
3

1 = little grooming - 5 = much grooming

Energy level
1

1 = low energy - 5 = high energy

Ease of training
1

1 = difficult - 5 = easy

Affection toward owners
3

1 = independent - 5 = very affectionate

Friendliness toward strangers
2

1 = shy - 5 = very friendly

Routine Care: Dogues de Bordeaux can be sensitive to warm weather; avoid any prolonged exposure and be very alert to the signs of heat stress. Their deep wrinkles need to be cleaned and dried often to prevent infections. They can be aggressive - be careful around new pets.

Grooming: Brush their coat as needed, at least weekly.

Dental: Dogues de Bordeaux generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week.

Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!


The Dogue de Bordeaux is a protective and devoted companion that needs a strong leader and early socialization. They are good and powerful watchdogs, but can often be territorial.

Positive Traits:

  • An affectionate companion and family dog

  • Even temper and gentle disposition

  • Sweet, playful, and friendly

  • Confident, steady, and fearless

  • Protective of owners, an excellent guard dog

Negative Traits:

  • Can become overweight easily if not exercised regularly

  • Can be gassy and drool a lot

  • Strong prey drive - will chase and grab things that run, including cats and children

  • Exhibits signs of separation anxiety if left along too much

  • Takes up a lot of room due to their massive size

Whether you are considering adding a new Dogue de Bordeaux to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Dogue de Bordeaux will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

By exploring the health concerns specific to the Dogue de Bordeaux you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert.

Some health issues a Dogue de Bordeaux could encounter:

The Dogue de Bordeaux, also known as the French Mastiff, is an ancient breed that originated in France and was bred as a guardian, hunter, and fighter. The breed's popularity increased after a Dogue de Bordeaux starred as Hooch in the 1989 movie Turner & Hooch. They are known for their massive wrinkly heads. They are natural guardians of family and home.

Consult with a veterinarian if your Dogue de Bordeaux shows signs of the following:

  • Dry heaving or a large, tight, painful abdomen

  • Fainting, collapse, breathing issues, cough

  • General reluctance to run or play

  • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes

  • Cloudiness to eye lens Increased blinking, extra tears and squinting

  • Drooping or outward rolling eyelid, red eye(s)

  • Bumping into objects, startles easily

  • Swollen lymph nodes or glands, unexplained weight loss

  • Lameness with or without swelling

  • Unplanned pregnancy can be dangerous

  • Any abnormal shaking, trembling, or excessive involuntary tremors

  • Dull coat, hair loss, sluggish, or weight gain

  • Fainting, weakness, cough, or shortness of breath during exercise

  • Care

    Routine Care: Dogues de Bordeaux can be sensitive to warm weather; avoid any prolonged exposure and be very alert to the signs of heat stress. Their deep wrinkles need to be cleaned and dried often to prevent infections. They can be aggressive - be careful around new pets.

    Grooming: Brush their coat as needed, at least weekly.

    Dental: Dogues de Bordeaux generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week.

    Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!


  • Characteristics

    The Dogue de Bordeaux is a protective and devoted companion that needs a strong leader and early socialization. They are good and powerful watchdogs, but can often be territorial.

    Positive Traits:

    • An affectionate companion and family dog

    • Even temper and gentle disposition

    • Sweet, playful, and friendly

    • Confident, steady, and fearless

    • Protective of owners, an excellent guard dog

    Negative Traits:

    • Can become overweight easily if not exercised regularly

    • Can be gassy and drool a lot

    • Strong prey drive - will chase and grab things that run, including cats and children

    • Exhibits signs of separation anxiety if left along too much

    • Takes up a lot of room due to their massive size

  • Health Concerns

    Whether you are considering adding a new Dogue de Bordeaux to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Dogue de Bordeaux will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

    By exploring the health concerns specific to the Dogue de Bordeaux you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert.

    Some health issues a Dogue de Bordeaux could encounter:

  • History

    The Dogue de Bordeaux, also known as the French Mastiff, is an ancient breed that originated in France and was bred as a guardian, hunter, and fighter. The breed's popularity increased after a Dogue de Bordeaux starred as Hooch in the 1989 movie Turner & Hooch. They are known for their massive wrinkly heads. They are natural guardians of family and home.

  • Watch Out For

    Consult with a veterinarian if your Dogue de Bordeaux shows signs of the following:

    • Dry heaving or a large, tight, painful abdomen

    • Fainting, collapse, breathing issues, cough

    • General reluctance to run or play

    • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes

    • Cloudiness to eye lens Increased blinking, extra tears and squinting

    • Drooping or outward rolling eyelid, red eye(s)

    • Bumping into objects, startles easily

    • Swollen lymph nodes or glands, unexplained weight loss

    • Lameness with or without swelling

    • Unplanned pregnancy can be dangerous

    • Any abnormal shaking, trembling, or excessive involuntary tremors

    • Dull coat, hair loss, sluggish, or weight gain

    • Fainting, weakness, cough, or shortness of breath during exercise

Dogue de Bordeaux Discussions

Share your thoughts and experiences, ask questions, or just show your love for the Dogue de Bordeaux breed here!

Select Another Breed

To view the sources for the information listed on this page, see our Dog Breed Guide Reference page.

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