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English Cocker Spaniel

English-Cocker-Spaniel

A Compassionate Hunting Dog

Friendly, alert, active

English Cocker Spaniels are eager to merry, curious, and inquisitive, medium-sized dogs. This land spaniel enjoys both human and canine companionship, and is a generally outgoing dog that’s friendly with strangers and cats. They can live outdoors, but do best living indoors. Cockers make great companions for hunters, families, and those who enjoy the outdoors. These dogs will do okay in an apartment if they get enough exercise, but they are best suited living in a house with a yard they can run around in. Cockers love to exercise and will enjoy as much as you can give them.

Understanding their unique needs will help keep them healthy and create a strong bond between the two of you. Explore this page to learn more about the breed’s history, health concerns, characteristics, and care needs.

Breed Details

Height:15-17 in. Weight:26-34 lb Lifespan:12-15 years

Size
3

1=small 5=large

Grooming requirements
3

1 = little grooming - 5 = much grooming

Energy level
3

1 = low energy - 5 = high energy

Ease of training
4

1 = difficult - 5 = easy

Affection toward owners
5

1 = independent - 5 = very affectionate

Friendliness toward strangers
4

1 = shy - 5 = very friendly

Routine Care: English Cocker Spaniels can live in any environment provided they receive daily exercise. They make an excellent family companion due to their even disposition and trainability.

Grooming: Brush their coat as needed, at least weekly. Their coat also requires regular stripping or clipping.

Dental: English Cocker Spaniels generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week.

Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!


English Cocker Spaniels are cheerful, inquisitive, and devoted dogs. They are also energetic and well-suited for hunting. They should be trained and socialized early.

Positive Traits:

• Always on the go, with a keen eye for adventure

• Highly active and eager to have a purpose

• Excellent hunting dog

• Alert, curious, and busy

Negative Traits:

• Needs to be exercised and groomed regularly

• Needs early socialization to accept other pets and strangers

• Must be properly socialized as a puppy to avoid aggression as an adult

• Early obedience training and socialization is recommended




Whether you are considering adding a new English Cocker Spaniel to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every English Cocker Spaniel will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

By exploring the health concerns specific to the English Cocker Spaniel you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They're counting on you to be their health expert. 

Some health issues an English Cocker Spaniel could encounter:

The English Cocker Spaniel is a smaller land spaniel, bred to hunt woodcock. The Cocker was recognized as a separate breed from the American Cocker Spaniel by the American Kennel Club in 1946. The breed is more popular in England than in America. Because of their natural instincts to hunt, they requires daily exercise and an active lifestyle. English Cocker Spaniels have an average lifespan of 12-15 years.

Consult with a veterinarian if your English Cocker Spaniel shows signs of the following:

• Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes

• Squinting, watery eyes, bluing cornea, redness, enlarged eye

• Cloudiness to eye lens

• Redness, squinting or greenish eye discharge

• Increased blinking, extra tears and squinting

• Red blob at the corner of the eye

• Gums that are a color other than bright pink

• Coughing, exercise intolerance, rapid breathing at rest

• Coughing, especially at night or upon rising after sleeping, rapid breathing at rest

• Fainting, collapse, breathing issues, cough

• Any abnormal shaking, trembling, or excessive involuntary tremors

• Excessive licking or chewing, pawing at face and/or ears, head shaking, face rubbing

• Dry, flaky or greasy, oily skin

• Easily startled, no reaction to unseen sounds

• Pain or straining to urinate, bloody urine


  • Care

    Routine Care: English Cocker Spaniels can live in any environment provided they receive daily exercise. They make an excellent family companion due to their even disposition and trainability.

    Grooming: Brush their coat as needed, at least weekly. Their coat also requires regular stripping or clipping.

    Dental: English Cocker Spaniels generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week.

    Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!


  • Characteristics

    English Cocker Spaniels are cheerful, inquisitive, and devoted dogs. They are also energetic and well-suited for hunting. They should be trained and socialized early.

    Positive Traits:

    • Always on the go, with a keen eye for adventure

    • Highly active and eager to have a purpose

    • Excellent hunting dog

    • Alert, curious, and busy

    Negative Traits:

    • Needs to be exercised and groomed regularly

    • Needs early socialization to accept other pets and strangers

    • Must be properly socialized as a puppy to avoid aggression as an adult

    • Early obedience training and socialization is recommended




  • Health Concerns

    Whether you are considering adding a new English Cocker Spaniel to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every English Cocker Spaniel will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

    By exploring the health concerns specific to the English Cocker Spaniel you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They're counting on you to be their health expert. 

    Some health issues an English Cocker Spaniel could encounter:

  • History

    The English Cocker Spaniel is a smaller land spaniel, bred to hunt woodcock. The Cocker was recognized as a separate breed from the American Cocker Spaniel by the American Kennel Club in 1946. The breed is more popular in England than in America. Because of their natural instincts to hunt, they requires daily exercise and an active lifestyle. English Cocker Spaniels have an average lifespan of 12-15 years.

  • Watch Out For

    Consult with a veterinarian if your English Cocker Spaniel shows signs of the following:

    • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes

    • Squinting, watery eyes, bluing cornea, redness, enlarged eye

    • Cloudiness to eye lens

    • Redness, squinting or greenish eye discharge

    • Increased blinking, extra tears and squinting

    • Red blob at the corner of the eye

    • Gums that are a color other than bright pink

    • Coughing, exercise intolerance, rapid breathing at rest

    • Coughing, especially at night or upon rising after sleeping, rapid breathing at rest

    • Fainting, collapse, breathing issues, cough

    • Any abnormal shaking, trembling, or excessive involuntary tremors

    • Excessive licking or chewing, pawing at face and/or ears, head shaking, face rubbing

    • Dry, flaky or greasy, oily skin

    • Easily startled, no reaction to unseen sounds

    • Pain or straining to urinate, bloody urine


English Cocker Spaniel Discussions

Share your thoughts and experiences, ask questions, or just show your love for the English Cocker Spaniel breed here!

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To view the sources for the information listed on this page, see our Dog Breed Guide Reference page.

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