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French Bulldog

FrenchBulldog

An Affectionate Clown

Easygoing, quirky, entertaining

French Bulldogs are comical, friendly, and entertaining, small dogs. This small but sturdy, short-nosed breed is typically reserved around strangers, but gets along great with other pets. Frenchies don’t do well in the heat, are incapable of swimming, and require little exercise. Because of this, they make great companions for just about anyone living in a cool climate, especially those living in an apartment or small home.

Understanding their unique needs will help keep them healthy and create a strong bond between the two of you. Explore this page to learn more about the breed’s history, health concerns, characteristics, and care needs.

Breed Details

Height:11-13 in. Weight:not to exceed 28 lb Lifespan:11-12 years

Size
3

1=small 5=large

Grooming requirements
1

1 = little grooming - 5 = much grooming

Energy level
3

1 = low energy - 5 = high energy

Ease of training
2

1 = difficult - 5 = easy

Affection toward owners
3

1 = independent - 5 = very affectionate

Friendliness toward strangers
4

1 = shy - 5 = very friendly

Routine Care: Check your French Bulldog's facial wrinkles and eyes often. Their droopy skin and eyes can collect debris. They are well suited for apartment living but will need a daily walk and regular inside play. Frenchies can be sensitive to warm temperatures; avoid any prolonged exposure and be very alert to the signs of heat stress.  

Grooming: They have low grooming needs. Brush their coat as needed, at least weekly.  

Dental: French Bulldogs often have serious problems with their teeth, so you’ll need to brush them at least three times a week!  

Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how! 

The French Bulldog is comical, lively, and thrives on human companionship. Minimal exercise needs and a low barking tendency make them perfect for apartment living.

Positive Traits: 

  • An affectionate companion and family dog 

  • Even-tempered; adapts to a wide variety of environments 

  • Small, but sturdy 

  • Needs minimal exercise 

  • Quirky, entertaining personality 

  • Sweet, playful, and friendly 

Negative Traits: 

  • An indoor dog that doesn’t do well in the heat 

  • May be territorial when it comes to cats and other dogs 

  • Exhibits signs of separation anxiety if left alone too much 

  • Makes a lot of snorting, snuffling, and wheezing noises, and may snore 

  • Can be difficult to housetrain 

  • Willful and stubborn if you don’t show strong leadership

Whether you are considering adding a new French Bulldog to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every French Bulldog will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

By exploring the health concerns specific to the French Bulldog you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert. 

Some health concerns a French Bulldog could encounter:

The French Bulldog descended from the English Bulldog in the 1800s when it was translocated to France. The breed has flourished as an adored companion ever since. The Frenchie is known for its bat-like ears and short, wrinkled nose. They tend to have a curious and gentle nature and are notorious for being the class clown. They will often have sporadic bouts of energy followed by prolonged periods of resting. They are loyal and loving and prefer to not be left alone at home. The French Bulldog is a generally healthy breed with an average lifespan of 11-12 years.


Consult with a veterinarian if your French Bulldog shows signs of the following:

  • Chronic vomiting or diarrhea 

  • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes 

  • Cloudiness to eye lens 

  • Increased blinking, extra tears and squinting 

  • Increased blinking, extra tears and squinting 

  • Excessive licking or chewing, pawing at face and/or ears, head shaking, face rubbing 

  • General reluctance to run or play 

  • Loud breathing, tires easily at exercise 

  • Pain or straining to urinate, bloody urine 

  • Dragging the hind toes and hind limb weakness 

  • Dry, scaly, sometimes itchy hairless patches on face or paws


  • Care

    Routine Care: Check your French Bulldog's facial wrinkles and eyes often. Their droopy skin and eyes can collect debris. They are well suited for apartment living but will need a daily walk and regular inside play. Frenchies can be sensitive to warm temperatures; avoid any prolonged exposure and be very alert to the signs of heat stress.  

    Grooming: They have low grooming needs. Brush their coat as needed, at least weekly.  

    Dental: French Bulldogs often have serious problems with their teeth, so you’ll need to brush them at least three times a week!  

    Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how! 

  • Characteristics

    The French Bulldog is comical, lively, and thrives on human companionship. Minimal exercise needs and a low barking tendency make them perfect for apartment living.

    Positive Traits: 

    • An affectionate companion and family dog 

    • Even-tempered; adapts to a wide variety of environments 

    • Small, but sturdy 

    • Needs minimal exercise 

    • Quirky, entertaining personality 

    • Sweet, playful, and friendly 

    Negative Traits: 

    • An indoor dog that doesn’t do well in the heat 

    • May be territorial when it comes to cats and other dogs 

    • Exhibits signs of separation anxiety if left alone too much 

    • Makes a lot of snorting, snuffling, and wheezing noises, and may snore 

    • Can be difficult to housetrain 

    • Willful and stubborn if you don’t show strong leadership

  • Health Concerns

    Whether you are considering adding a new French Bulldog to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every French Bulldog will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

    By exploring the health concerns specific to the French Bulldog you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert. 

    Some health concerns a French Bulldog could encounter:

  • History

    The French Bulldog descended from the English Bulldog in the 1800s when it was translocated to France. The breed has flourished as an adored companion ever since. The Frenchie is known for its bat-like ears and short, wrinkled nose. They tend to have a curious and gentle nature and are notorious for being the class clown. They will often have sporadic bouts of energy followed by prolonged periods of resting. They are loyal and loving and prefer to not be left alone at home. The French Bulldog is a generally healthy breed with an average lifespan of 11-12 years.


  • Watch Out For

    Consult with a veterinarian if your French Bulldog shows signs of the following:

    • Chronic vomiting or diarrhea 

    • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes 

    • Cloudiness to eye lens 

    • Increased blinking, extra tears and squinting 

    • Increased blinking, extra tears and squinting 

    • Excessive licking or chewing, pawing at face and/or ears, head shaking, face rubbing 

    • General reluctance to run or play 

    • Loud breathing, tires easily at exercise 

    • Pain or straining to urinate, bloody urine 

    • Dragging the hind toes and hind limb weakness 

    • Dry, scaly, sometimes itchy hairless patches on face or paws


French Bulldog Discussions

Share your thoughts and experiences, ask questions, or just show your love for the French Bulldog breed here!

Select Another Breed

To view the sources for the information listed on this page, see our Dog Breed Guide Reference page.

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