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Miniature Pinscher

Miniature-Pinscher2

Playful Personality

Energetic, Inquisitive, Playful

Miniature Pinschers are extraordinary pets. While it is interesting to learn about the breeding purpose of Miniature Pinschers, their genetics actually influence health, outward appearance and behavior. 

Some behaviors make the Miniature Pinscher and some can be quite irritating! Understanding their unique needs will help you keep them healthy and will create a stronger bond between the two of you. Explore this page to learn more about where they came, which health conditions are a risk to them and how to keep them feeling their best.

Breed Details

Height:10-12" Weight:8-10 lbs Lifespan:12-14 years

Size
1

1=small 5=large

Grooming requirements
1

1 = little grooming - 5 = much grooming

Energy level
5

1 = low energy - 5 = high energy

Ease of training
1

1 = difficult - 5 = easy

Affection toward owners
3

1 = independent - 5 = very affectionate

Friendliness toward strangers
1

1 = shy - 5 = very friendly

Routine Care: Miniature Pinschers are well suited for apartment living; they will need a daily walk and regular inside play. Due to their assertive nature and small size, they are not recommended for homes with small children. They are also very sensitive to cold: a warm winter wardrobe is necessary.

Grooming: They have low grooming needs. Brush their coat as needed, at least weekly.

Dental: Miniature Pinschers generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week!

Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!


Miniature Pinschers are intelligent and loyal; a small dog with a big attitude. They are always in motion and naturally inquisitive.

Positive Traits:

• Alert, curious, and busy

• Protective of family: good watch dog

• Outgoing, playful personality

• Bold, steady, and fearless

• Lively, with a friendly personality

• Quirky, entertaining personality

Negative Traits:

• Prone to boredom and separation anxiety when left alone and will find trouble

• Can be difficult to housetrain

• Strong prey drive—will chase and grab things that run, including cats and children

• Suspicious of strangers

• Can be possessive of toys and food, tending to show dominance

• Can be aggressive, fearful, or snappy if not socialized properly


Whether you are considering adding a new Miniature Pinscher to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Miniature Pinscher will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

By exploring the health concerns specific to the Miniature Pinscher you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They're counting on you to be their health expert. 

Some health issues a Miniature Pinscher could encounter:

Diabetes

Hemolytic Anemia and Thrombocytopenia

Eye Problems

Cataracts

Glaucoma

Corneal Dystrophy


The Miniature Pinscher originated in Germany and is an old breed. They were bred to control rodent populations in homes and on farms. Miniature Pinschers have a characteristic high-stepping gait and are known as affectionate and clever companions. 

They are highly active and excel as escape artists. They have an assertive personality and is recommended for experienced dog owners. They can be dominant with other dogs and get along best with older children and adults.

Consult with a veterinarian if your Miniature Pinscher shows signs of the following:

• Increased hunger and thirst, weight loss

• Gums that are a color other than bright pink

• Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes

• Cloudiness to eye lens

• Squinting, watery eyes, bluing cornea, redness, enlarged eye

• Increasing hip pain at less than a year old

• Slow or stunted growth; sometimes seizures after eating

• Pain or straining to urinate, bloody urine

• Coughing, especially at night or upon rising after sleeping, rapid breathing at rest

• Any abnormal shaking, trembling, or excessive involuntary tremors

• Dry, scaly, sometimes itchy hairless patches on face or paws

• Easily startled, no reaction to unseen sounds

• Dull coat, hair loss, sluggish, weight gain

  • Care

    Routine Care: Miniature Pinschers are well suited for apartment living; they will need a daily walk and regular inside play. Due to their assertive nature and small size, they are not recommended for homes with small children. They are also very sensitive to cold: a warm winter wardrobe is necessary.

    Grooming: They have low grooming needs. Brush their coat as needed, at least weekly.

    Dental: Miniature Pinschers generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week!

    Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!


  • Characteristics

    Miniature Pinschers are intelligent and loyal; a small dog with a big attitude. They are always in motion and naturally inquisitive.

    Positive Traits:

    • Alert, curious, and busy

    • Protective of family: good watch dog

    • Outgoing, playful personality

    • Bold, steady, and fearless

    • Lively, with a friendly personality

    • Quirky, entertaining personality

    Negative Traits:

    • Prone to boredom and separation anxiety when left alone and will find trouble

    • Can be difficult to housetrain

    • Strong prey drive—will chase and grab things that run, including cats and children

    • Suspicious of strangers

    • Can be possessive of toys and food, tending to show dominance

    • Can be aggressive, fearful, or snappy if not socialized properly


  • Health Concerns

    Whether you are considering adding a new Miniature Pinscher to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Miniature Pinscher will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

    By exploring the health concerns specific to the Miniature Pinscher you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They're counting on you to be their health expert. 

    Some health issues a Miniature Pinscher could encounter:

    Diabetes

    Hemolytic Anemia and Thrombocytopenia

    Eye Problems

    Cataracts

    Glaucoma

    Corneal Dystrophy


  • History

    The Miniature Pinscher originated in Germany and is an old breed. They were bred to control rodent populations in homes and on farms. Miniature Pinschers have a characteristic high-stepping gait and are known as affectionate and clever companions. 

    They are highly active and excel as escape artists. They have an assertive personality and is recommended for experienced dog owners. They can be dominant with other dogs and get along best with older children and adults.

  • Watch Out For

    Consult with a veterinarian if your Miniature Pinscher shows signs of the following:

    • Increased hunger and thirst, weight loss

    • Gums that are a color other than bright pink

    • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes

    • Cloudiness to eye lens

    • Squinting, watery eyes, bluing cornea, redness, enlarged eye

    • Increasing hip pain at less than a year old

    • Slow or stunted growth; sometimes seizures after eating

    • Pain or straining to urinate, bloody urine

    • Coughing, especially at night or upon rising after sleeping, rapid breathing at rest

    • Any abnormal shaking, trembling, or excessive involuntary tremors

    • Dry, scaly, sometimes itchy hairless patches on face or paws

    • Easily startled, no reaction to unseen sounds

    • Dull coat, hair loss, sluggish, weight gain

Miniature Pinscher Discussions

Share your thoughts and experiences, ask questions, or just show your love for the Miniature Pinscher breed here!

Select Another Breed

To view the sources for the information listed on this page, see our Dog Breed Guide Reference page.

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