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Newfoundland

Newfoundland

A Large & Loyal Lover

Mellow, amiable, patient

Newfoundlands are extraordinary pets. While it is interesting to learn about the breeding purpose of Newfoundlands, their genetics actually influence health, outward appearance and behavior. Some behaviors make the Newfoundland and some can be quite irritating! 

Understanding their unique needs will help you keep them healthy and will create a stronger bond between the two of you. Explore this page to learn more about where Newfoundlands came from, which health conditions are a risk to them and how to keep them feeling their best.

The Newfoundland in the photo is not yet fully grown.

Breed Details

Height:26-28 in. Weight:100-150 lb Lifespan:8-10 years

Size
5

1=small 5=large

Grooming requirements
3

1 = little grooming - 5 = much grooming

Energy level
2

1 = low energy - 5 = high energy

Ease of training
3

1 = difficult - 5 = easy

Affection toward owners
5

1 = independent - 5 = very affectionate

Friendliness toward strangers
5

1 = shy - 5 = very friendly

Routine Care: Newfoundlands are smart dogs with lots of energy, so keep their mind and body active. They love the water, so swimming is a great form of exercise for your Newfoundland. They are also sensitive to warm temperatures; avoid any prolonged exposure and be very alert to the signs of heat stress. 

Grooming: They need a thorough brushing at least weekly, most of the year. Twice a year they blow their coat and lose a significant amount of hair; daily brushing is recommended during this time. 

Dental: Newfoundlands generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week.

Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!


Newfoundlands make a trustworthy, obedient, and sociable companion. They have an innate swimming ability and lifesaving instinct that makes them a perfect working dog. When not working, they enjoy relaxing with their family. Females may be significantly smaller than males.

Positive Traits:

• An excellent companion, family, or working dog

• Affectionate, easygoing, and lovable

• Good with kids and other pets

• Intelligent and reliable

• People-oriented and eager to please

• Brave and ready for adventure

Negative Traits:

• Needs frequent attention from their family

• Exhibits signs of separation anxiety if left alone too much

• Can be rambunctious and rowdy, especially as a puppy

• Takes up a lot of room due to their massive size

• Doesn't do well in the heat

• Passes a lot of gas, sheds, and drools




Whether you are considering adding a new Newfoundland to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Newfoundland will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

By exploring the health concerns specific to the Newfoundland you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert. 

Some health issues a Newfoundland could encounter:

  • Bloat
  • Bone and Joint Problems
  • Joint Disease
  • Knee Ligament Tear
  • Hip and Elbow Dysplasia
  • Eye Problems

The Newfoundland originated in Canada and was bred as a working dog. They have been used by fishermen for jobs ranging from pulling in nets to hauling wood. With their water-resistant coat, webbed feet, and tremendous strength and stamina, they excels at water rescue as well as search and rescue. The Newfie is an ideal working dog: calm, loyal, and courageous. They are famous for their love of children, earning them the nickname “nanny dog.”

Consult with a veterinarian if your Newfoundland shows signs of the following:

• Dry heaving or a large, tight, painful abdomen

• General reluctance to run or play

• Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes

• Squinting, watery eyes, bluing cornea, redness, enlarged eye

• Cloudiness to eye lens

• Increased blinking, extra tears and squinting

• Coughing, exercise intolerance, rapid breathing at rest

• Fainting, collapse, breathing issues, cough

• Coughing, fainting episodes, tiring easily

• Lameness with or without swelling

• Pain or straining to urinate, bloody urine

• Excessive licking or chewing, pawing at face and/or ears, head shaking, face rubbing

• Louder than normal panting, especially when hot or after exercise

• Tubular vomit, undigested food


  • Care

    Routine Care: Newfoundlands are smart dogs with lots of energy, so keep their mind and body active. They love the water, so swimming is a great form of exercise for your Newfoundland. They are also sensitive to warm temperatures; avoid any prolonged exposure and be very alert to the signs of heat stress. 

    Grooming: They need a thorough brushing at least weekly, most of the year. Twice a year they blow their coat and lose a significant amount of hair; daily brushing is recommended during this time. 

    Dental: Newfoundlands generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week.

    Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!


  • Characteristics

    Newfoundlands make a trustworthy, obedient, and sociable companion. They have an innate swimming ability and lifesaving instinct that makes them a perfect working dog. When not working, they enjoy relaxing with their family. Females may be significantly smaller than males.

    Positive Traits:

    • An excellent companion, family, or working dog

    • Affectionate, easygoing, and lovable

    • Good with kids and other pets

    • Intelligent and reliable

    • People-oriented and eager to please

    • Brave and ready for adventure

    Negative Traits:

    • Needs frequent attention from their family

    • Exhibits signs of separation anxiety if left alone too much

    • Can be rambunctious and rowdy, especially as a puppy

    • Takes up a lot of room due to their massive size

    • Doesn't do well in the heat

    • Passes a lot of gas, sheds, and drools




  • Health Concerns

    Whether you are considering adding a new Newfoundland to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Newfoundland will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

    By exploring the health concerns specific to the Newfoundland you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert. 

    Some health issues a Newfoundland could encounter:

    • Bloat
    • Bone and Joint Problems
    • Joint Disease
    • Knee Ligament Tear
    • Hip and Elbow Dysplasia
    • Eye Problems
  • History

    The Newfoundland originated in Canada and was bred as a working dog. They have been used by fishermen for jobs ranging from pulling in nets to hauling wood. With their water-resistant coat, webbed feet, and tremendous strength and stamina, they excels at water rescue as well as search and rescue. The Newfie is an ideal working dog: calm, loyal, and courageous. They are famous for their love of children, earning them the nickname “nanny dog.”

  • Watch Out For

    Consult with a veterinarian if your Newfoundland shows signs of the following:

    • Dry heaving or a large, tight, painful abdomen

    • General reluctance to run or play

    • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes

    • Squinting, watery eyes, bluing cornea, redness, enlarged eye

    • Cloudiness to eye lens

    • Increased blinking, extra tears and squinting

    • Coughing, exercise intolerance, rapid breathing at rest

    • Fainting, collapse, breathing issues, cough

    • Coughing, fainting episodes, tiring easily

    • Lameness with or without swelling

    • Pain or straining to urinate, bloody urine

    • Excessive licking or chewing, pawing at face and/or ears, head shaking, face rubbing

    • Louder than normal panting, especially when hot or after exercise

    • Tubular vomit, undigested food


Newfoundland Discussions

Share your thoughts and experiences, ask questions, or just show your love for the Newfoundland breed here!

Select Another Breed

To view the sources for the information listed on this page, see our Dog Breed Guide Reference page.

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