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German Shorthaired Pointer

GermanShorthairedPointer

A Family Dog

Active, Energetic, Sensitive

German Shorthaired Pointers are extraordinary pets. While it is interesting to learn about the breeding purpose of German Shorthaired Pointers, their genetics actually influence health, outward appearance and behavior. Some behaviors make the German Shorthaired Pointer and some can be quite irritating! Understanding her unique needs will help you keep her healthy and will create a stronger bond between the two of you. Explore this page to learn more about where she came, which health conditions are a risk to her and how to keep her feeling her best. 


Breed Details

Height:21-25" Weight:50-90 lb Lifespan:12-14 years

Size
4

1 = small - 5 = large

Grooming requirements
1

1 = little grooming - 5 = much grooming

Energy level
5

1 = low energy - 5 = high energy

Ease of training
3

1 = difficult - 5 = easy

Affection toward owners
4

1 = independent - 5 = very affectionate

Friendliness toward strangers
3

1 = shy - 5 = very friendly

Routine Care: The German Shorthaired Pointer is a smart dog with lots of energy, so keep her mind and body active, or she'll get bored. That's when the naughty stuff starts.  She can have a high prey drive, so she needs to be leash walked and a sturdy fence is a must.

Grooming: She has low grooming needs. Brush her coat as needed, at least weekly. 

Dental: German Shorthaired Pointers generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week! 

Ear Care: Clean her ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how! 


The German Shorthaired Pointer is an energetic hunting dog that is hardy, reliable, and clever. With proper exercise and socialization she can be a calm family companion.

Positive Traits:

  • Excellent family dog, watchdog, and hunting dog 

  • Energetic, active, and athletic 

  • Easily motivated and trainable 

  • Brave and ready for adventure 

  • Even-tempered, affectionate, and happy-go-lucky 

  • Friendly and eager to please 

Negative Traits:

  • Requires vigorous, frequent exercise and space to run 

  • Needs early socialization to accept other pets and strangers 

  • Has a tendency to escape, wander, and roam 

  • Standoffish toward strangers 

  • Easily bored if not given something to do, which leads to barking and chewing 

  • Can be rambunctious and rowdy, especially as a younger dog


Whether you are considering adding a new German Shorthaired Pointer to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every German Shorthaired Pointer will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. By exploring the health concerns specific to the German Shorthaired Pointer you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. She’s counting on you to be her health expert. 

Some health issues a German Shorthaired Pointer could encounter:

The German Shorthaired Pointer is a versatile all-purpose hunting dog that originated in Germany during the late 1800’s. This gun dog is able to point, retrieve, trail, and hunt on land and water. The GSP, like all German pointers, has webbed feet. They are tireless on the hunt and at home playing with the children. The German Shorthaired Pointer can be independent and strong-willed and they require a strong leader. German Shorthaired Pointers are athletic and are known to jump a 6ft fence. 

Consult with your veterinarian if your German Shorthaired Pointer shows sings of the following:

  • Dry heaving or a large, tight, painful abdomen 

  • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes 

  • Cloudiness to eye lens 

  • Increased blinking, extra tears and squinting 

  • Increased blinking, extra tears and squinting 

  • General reluctance to run or play 

  • Any new or changing lumps or bumps 

  • Pale gums, labored breathing, weakness, or sudden collapse 

  • New or changing lumps or bumps, itchy or not 

  • Coughing, exercise intolerance, rapid breathing at rest 

  • General listlessness, droopy facial expression, vomiting, diarrhea 

  • Any abnormal shaking, trembling, or excessive involuntary tremors

  • Care

    Routine Care: The German Shorthaired Pointer is a smart dog with lots of energy, so keep her mind and body active, or she'll get bored. That's when the naughty stuff starts.  She can have a high prey drive, so she needs to be leash walked and a sturdy fence is a must.

    Grooming: She has low grooming needs. Brush her coat as needed, at least weekly. 

    Dental: German Shorthaired Pointers generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week! 

    Ear Care: Clean her ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how! 


  • Characteristics

    The German Shorthaired Pointer is an energetic hunting dog that is hardy, reliable, and clever. With proper exercise and socialization she can be a calm family companion.

    Positive Traits:

    • Excellent family dog, watchdog, and hunting dog 

    • Energetic, active, and athletic 

    • Easily motivated and trainable 

    • Brave and ready for adventure 

    • Even-tempered, affectionate, and happy-go-lucky 

    • Friendly and eager to please 

    Negative Traits:

    • Requires vigorous, frequent exercise and space to run 

    • Needs early socialization to accept other pets and strangers 

    • Has a tendency to escape, wander, and roam 

    • Standoffish toward strangers 

    • Easily bored if not given something to do, which leads to barking and chewing 

    • Can be rambunctious and rowdy, especially as a younger dog


  • Health Concerns

    Whether you are considering adding a new German Shorthaired Pointer to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every German Shorthaired Pointer will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. By exploring the health concerns specific to the German Shorthaired Pointer you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. She’s counting on you to be her health expert. 

    Some health issues a German Shorthaired Pointer could encounter:

  • History

    The German Shorthaired Pointer is a versatile all-purpose hunting dog that originated in Germany during the late 1800’s. This gun dog is able to point, retrieve, trail, and hunt on land and water. The GSP, like all German pointers, has webbed feet. They are tireless on the hunt and at home playing with the children. The German Shorthaired Pointer can be independent and strong-willed and they require a strong leader. German Shorthaired Pointers are athletic and are known to jump a 6ft fence. 

  • Watch Out For

    Consult with your veterinarian if your German Shorthaired Pointer shows sings of the following:

    • Dry heaving or a large, tight, painful abdomen 

    • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes 

    • Cloudiness to eye lens 

    • Increased blinking, extra tears and squinting 

    • Increased blinking, extra tears and squinting 

    • General reluctance to run or play 

    • Any new or changing lumps or bumps 

    • Pale gums, labored breathing, weakness, or sudden collapse 

    • New or changing lumps or bumps, itchy or not 

    • Coughing, exercise intolerance, rapid breathing at rest 

    • General listlessness, droopy facial expression, vomiting, diarrhea 

    • Any abnormal shaking, trembling, or excessive involuntary tremors

German Shorthaired Pointer Discussions

Share your thoughts and experiences, ask questions, or just show your love for the German Shorthaired Pointer breed here!

Select Another Breed

To view the sources for the information listed on this page, see our Dog Breed Guide Reference page.

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