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Pug

pug

A Playful Dog

Comical, Playful, Stubborn

Pugs are extraordinary pets. While it is interesting to learn about the breeding purpose of Pugs, their genetics actually influence health, outward appearance and behavior. Some behaviors make the Pug and some can be quite irritating! 

Understanding their unique needs will help you keep them healthy and will create a stronger bond between the two of you. Explore this page to learn more about where the Pugs came from, which health conditions are a risk to them and how to keep them feeling their best.

Breed Details

Height:10-11" Weight:14-18 lb Lifespan:12-15 years

Size
1

1=small 5=large

Grooming requirements
5

1 = little grooming - 5 = much grooming

Energy level
4

1 = low energy - 5 = high energy

Ease of training
2

1 = difficult - 5 = easy

Affection toward owners
2

1 = independent - 5 = very affectionate

Friendliness toward strangers
1

1 = shy - 5 = very friendly

Routine Care: Pugs deep wrinkles need to be cleaned and dried often to prevent infections. They are well suited for apartment living; they will need a daily walk and regular inside play.

Grooming: They have low grooming needs. Brush their coat as needed, at least weekly.

Dental: Pugs often have serious problems with their teeth, so you'll need to brush them at least three times a week.

Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!

Pugs are joyful pals and make great travel companions; after all, who could leave those big brown eyes at home?

Positive Traits:

  • Outgoing, playful personality

  • Needs minimal exercise

  • Vigilant watchdog with a ready bark

  • Even-tempered, affectionate, and happy-go-lucky

  • Good with children and other pets

  • Small, but sturdy

Negative Traits:

  • Can be independent and strong-willed

  • Prone to quite a few health problems

  • Makes a lot of snorting, snuffling, and wheezing noises, and she may snore

  • Can be difficult to housetrain

  • An indoor dog that doesn’t do well in the heat

  • Prone to boredom and separation anxiety when left alone and will find trouble

Whether you are considering adding a new Pug to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Pug will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds.

By exploring the health concerns specific to the Pug you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They're counting on you to be their health expert.

Some health issues a Pug could encounter:

Liver Problems

Eye Problems

Exposure Keratopathy

Eyelid Abnormality

Dry Eye

Diabetes

We first came to know Pugs in China centuries ago. They were treasured pets kept by royalty; it was common for a Pug to have their own guard, palace, and even chef! Many Pug owners agree that they haven’t lost their ancestry and still behave like royalty. They was first acknowledged by the AKC in 1885 and was quickly welcomed into American homes. Their moderate exercise requirements make them a great apartment pet. The Pug is a generally healthy breed with an average lifespan of 13-15 years.

Consult with a veterinarian if your Pug shows signs of the following:

  • Slow or stunted growth; sometimes seizures after eating

  • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes

  • Increased blinking, extra tears and squinting

  • Redness, squinting or greenish eye discharge

  • Increased hunger and thirst, weight loss

  • Excessive licking or chewing, pawing at face and/or ears, head shaking, face rubbing

  • Dry, scaly, sometimes itchy hairless patches on face or paws

  • General reluctance to run or play

  • Increasing hip pain at less than a year old

  • New or changing lumps or bumps, itchy or not

  • Dragging the hind toes and hind limb weakness

  • Pain or straining to urinate, bloody urine

  • Loud breathing, tires easily at exercise

  • Care

    Routine Care: Pugs deep wrinkles need to be cleaned and dried often to prevent infections. They are well suited for apartment living; they will need a daily walk and regular inside play.

    Grooming: They have low grooming needs. Brush their coat as needed, at least weekly.

    Dental: Pugs often have serious problems with their teeth, so you'll need to brush them at least three times a week.

    Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!

  • Characteristics

    Pugs are joyful pals and make great travel companions; after all, who could leave those big brown eyes at home?

    Positive Traits:

    • Outgoing, playful personality

    • Needs minimal exercise

    • Vigilant watchdog with a ready bark

    • Even-tempered, affectionate, and happy-go-lucky

    • Good with children and other pets

    • Small, but sturdy

    Negative Traits:

    • Can be independent and strong-willed

    • Prone to quite a few health problems

    • Makes a lot of snorting, snuffling, and wheezing noises, and she may snore

    • Can be difficult to housetrain

    • An indoor dog that doesn’t do well in the heat

    • Prone to boredom and separation anxiety when left alone and will find trouble

  • Health Concerns

    Whether you are considering adding a new Pug to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Pug will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds.

    By exploring the health concerns specific to the Pug you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They're counting on you to be their health expert.

    Some health issues a Pug could encounter:

    Liver Problems

    Eye Problems

    Exposure Keratopathy

    Eyelid Abnormality

    Dry Eye

    Diabetes

  • History

    We first came to know Pugs in China centuries ago. They were treasured pets kept by royalty; it was common for a Pug to have their own guard, palace, and even chef! Many Pug owners agree that they haven’t lost their ancestry and still behave like royalty. They was first acknowledged by the AKC in 1885 and was quickly welcomed into American homes. Their moderate exercise requirements make them a great apartment pet. The Pug is a generally healthy breed with an average lifespan of 13-15 years.

  • Watch Out For

    Consult with a veterinarian if your Pug shows signs of the following:

    • Slow or stunted growth; sometimes seizures after eating

    • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes

    • Increased blinking, extra tears and squinting

    • Redness, squinting or greenish eye discharge

    • Increased hunger and thirst, weight loss

    • Excessive licking or chewing, pawing at face and/or ears, head shaking, face rubbing

    • Dry, scaly, sometimes itchy hairless patches on face or paws

    • General reluctance to run or play

    • Increasing hip pain at less than a year old

    • New or changing lumps or bumps, itchy or not

    • Dragging the hind toes and hind limb weakness

    • Pain or straining to urinate, bloody urine

    • Loud breathing, tires easily at exercise

Pug Discussions

Share your thoughts and experiences, ask questions, or just show your love for the Pug breed here!

Select Another Breed

To view the sources for the information listed on this page, see our Dog Breed Guide Reference page.

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  1. 90% Coverage

    We cover 90% of actual veterinary costs*

  2. No Payout Limits

    No dollar limits on the cost of care if your pet becomes sick or injured

  3. One Simple Plan

    One simple and comprehensive plan

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