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Samoyed

samoyed

A Playful Dog

Amiable, Playful, Working Group

Samoyeds are extraordinary pets. While it is interesting to learn about the breeding purpose of Samoyeds, their genetics actually influence health, outward appearance and behavior. Some behaviors make the Samoyeds and some can be quite irritating! 

Understanding their unique needs will help you keep them healthy and will create a stronger bond between the two of you. Explore this page to learn more about where Samoyeds came from, which health conditions are a risk to them and how to keep them feeling their best.

Breed Details

Height:19-24" Weight:35-65 lbs Lifespan:10-12 years

Size
4

1=small 5=large

Grooming requirements
4

1 = little grooming - 5 = much grooming

Energy level
4

1 = low energy - 5 = high energy

Ease of training
3

1 = difficult - 5 = easy

Affection toward owners
4

1 = independent - 5 = very affectionate

Friendliness toward strangers
2

1 = shy - 5 = very friendly

Routine Care: Samoyeds are smart dogs with lots of energy, so keep their mind and body active, or they'll get bored. They are an athletic dog that excels at dog sports like agility, herding, and sledding. They also have a strong chase instinct, so they need to be leash walked and a fenced yard is a must.

Grooming: They need a thorough brushing at least weekly most of the year. Twice a year they blow their coat and lose crazy amounts of hair; daily brushing is recommended during this time.

Dental: Samoyeds generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week.

Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!

Samoyeds are always the center of attention. With a calm and confident owner, they make a devoted and gentle companion.

Positive Traits:

• Energetic and playful

• Great with kids and other dogs: a true family pet

• Intelligent, friendly, and easily won over

• Loyal and easygoing with the people she knows

• Alert, curious, and busy

• Highly active and eager to have a purpose

Negative Traits:

• Requires vigorous, frequent exercise and space to run

• May have a tendency to bark excessively

• Can be rambunctious and rowdy, especially as a younger dog

• Strong herding instinct can lead to chasing cars and small animals

• Prone to boredom and separation anxiety when left alone and will find trouble

• Can be strong-willed and difficult to train

Whether you are considering adding a new Samoyed to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Samoyed will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

By exploring the health concerns specific to the Samoyed you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They're counting on you to be their health expert. 

Some health issues a Samoyed could encounter:

Bloat

Diabetes

Eye Problems

Glaucoma

Cataracts

Distichiasis

The Samoyed is an ancient breed that originated approximately 3000 years ago in Siberia. They were used by nomadic tribes for herding and guarding reindeer herds. They also make excellent sled dogs; they were used on the first expedition to the South Pole in 1911. 

Samoyeds are well known for their “Samoyed smile.” They are loyal guardians, spirited, and affectionate. Samoyeds require early obedience due to their independent and mischievous nature. In all, the Samoyed is a hardy, eager worker and does best when given a job to perform. The Samoyed is a generally healthy breed with an average lifespan of 12 years.

Consult with a veterinarian if your Samoyed shows signs of the following:

• Dry heaving or a large, tight, painful abdomen

• Increased hunger and thirst, weight loss

• Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes

• Squinting, watery eyes, bluing cornea, redness, enlarged eye

• Cloudiness to eye lens

• Increased blinking, extra tears and squinting

• General reluctance to run or play

• Coughing, exercise intolerance, rapid breathing at rest

• Shortness of breath, cough, or fainting

  • Care

    Routine Care: Samoyeds are smart dogs with lots of energy, so keep their mind and body active, or they'll get bored. They are an athletic dog that excels at dog sports like agility, herding, and sledding. They also have a strong chase instinct, so they need to be leash walked and a fenced yard is a must.

    Grooming: They need a thorough brushing at least weekly most of the year. Twice a year they blow their coat and lose crazy amounts of hair; daily brushing is recommended during this time.

    Dental: Samoyeds generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week.

    Ear Care: Clean their ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!

  • Characteristics

    Samoyeds are always the center of attention. With a calm and confident owner, they make a devoted and gentle companion.

    Positive Traits:

    • Energetic and playful

    • Great with kids and other dogs: a true family pet

    • Intelligent, friendly, and easily won over

    • Loyal and easygoing with the people she knows

    • Alert, curious, and busy

    • Highly active and eager to have a purpose

    Negative Traits:

    • Requires vigorous, frequent exercise and space to run

    • May have a tendency to bark excessively

    • Can be rambunctious and rowdy, especially as a younger dog

    • Strong herding instinct can lead to chasing cars and small animals

    • Prone to boredom and separation anxiety when left alone and will find trouble

    • Can be strong-willed and difficult to train

  • Health Concerns

    Whether you are considering adding a new Samoyed to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Samoyed will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

    By exploring the health concerns specific to the Samoyed you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. They're counting on you to be their health expert. 

    Some health issues a Samoyed could encounter:

    Bloat

    Diabetes

    Eye Problems

    Glaucoma

    Cataracts

    Distichiasis

  • History

    The Samoyed is an ancient breed that originated approximately 3000 years ago in Siberia. They were used by nomadic tribes for herding and guarding reindeer herds. They also make excellent sled dogs; they were used on the first expedition to the South Pole in 1911. 

    Samoyeds are well known for their “Samoyed smile.” They are loyal guardians, spirited, and affectionate. Samoyeds require early obedience due to their independent and mischievous nature. In all, the Samoyed is a hardy, eager worker and does best when given a job to perform. The Samoyed is a generally healthy breed with an average lifespan of 12 years.

  • Watch Out For

    Consult with a veterinarian if your Samoyed shows signs of the following:

    • Dry heaving or a large, tight, painful abdomen

    • Increased hunger and thirst, weight loss

    • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes

    • Squinting, watery eyes, bluing cornea, redness, enlarged eye

    • Cloudiness to eye lens

    • Increased blinking, extra tears and squinting

    • General reluctance to run or play

    • Coughing, exercise intolerance, rapid breathing at rest

    • Shortness of breath, cough, or fainting

Samoyed Discussions

Share your thoughts and experiences, ask questions, or just show your love for the Samoyed breed here!

Select Another Breed

To view the sources for the information listed on this page, see our Dog Breed Guide Reference page.

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