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Yorkshire Terrier

YorkshireTerrier

Always on the Go

Yorkshire Terriers are extraordinary dogs. While it is interesting to learn about the breeding purpose of Yorkshire Terriers, their genetics actually influence health, outward appearance and behavior. Some behaviors make the Yorkshire Terrier and some can be quite irritating! Understanding her unique needs will help you keep her healthy and will create a stronger bond between the two of you. Explore this page to learn more about where she came, which health conditions are a risk to her and how to keep her feeling her best.

Breed Details

Height:8-9" Weight:Not to exceed 7 lbs Lifespan:14-16 years

Size
1

Grooming requirements
4

Energy level
4

Ease of training
2

Affection toward owners
3

Friendliness toward strangers
3

Routine Care: Highly active indoors, the Yorkshire Terrier is well suited to apartment living and traveling. She has a tendency to chase small animals; always leash walk your Yorkie. A harness is recommended! She can be sensitive to cold, so a warm winter wardrobe is necessary.

Grooming: Daily brushing and regular trimming is recommended to prevent mats and keep her long coat beautiful.

Dental: Yorkshire Terriers often have serious problems with their teeth, so you’ll need to brush them at least three times a week!

Ear Care: Clean her ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!


This petite and down-to-earth beauty loves her family and is always up for adventure, making a Yorkshire Terrier the perfect travel companion.

Positive Traits:

  • Brave and ready for adventure

  • Always on the go, with a keen eye for adventure

  • Small and travels well

  • Loving and loyal to her owners

  • Protective of family; good watch dog

  • Quirky, entertaining personality

Negative Traits:

  • Can be difficult to housetrain

  • Suspicious of and aggressive toward strangers and other dogs if not socialized properly

  • May have a tendency to bark excessively

  • Can be snappy with children

  • Determined and has a mind of her own

Whether you are considering adding a new Yorkshire Terrier to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Yorkshire Terrier will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

By exploring the health concerns specific to the Yorkshire Terrier you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. She’s counting on you to be her health expert.

Hyperadrenocorticism (Cushing's)

Eye Problems

Cataracts

Dry Eye

Liver Problems

Heart Disease

It’s hard to envision the Yorkshire Terrier as a blue-collar dog, but she was in fact once a working breed! They were bred as ratters by the employees of mine shafts and clothing mills in Northern England. They made their way to North America in the 1870’s and were acknowledged by the AKC in 1885. They have adjusted to a more laidback lifestyle in today’s world and enjoy spending time indoors with their family. They do need a daily walk, however. Yorkies are not big shedders but her silky coat does need regular brushing and grooming.

Consult with a veterinarian if your Yorkshire Terrier shows signs of the following:
  • Drinks and urinates more, eats more, potbelly, poor haircoat

  • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes

  • Cloudiness to eye lens

  • Redness, squinting or greenish eye discharge

  • Slow or stunted growth; sometimes seizures after eating

  • Coughing, exercise intolerance, rapid breathing at rest

  • Fatigue during exercise, coughing, or shortness of breath

  • Coughing, especially at night or upon rising after sleeping, rapid breathing at rest

  • Increasing hip pain at less than a year old

  • Pain or straining to urinate, bloody urine

  • Increased hunger and thirst, weight loss

  • Excessive licking or chewing, pawing at face and/or ears, head shaking, face rubbing

  • Puppy teeth alongside adult teeth

  • Care

    Routine Care: Highly active indoors, the Yorkshire Terrier is well suited to apartment living and traveling. She has a tendency to chase small animals; always leash walk your Yorkie. A harness is recommended! She can be sensitive to cold, so a warm winter wardrobe is necessary.

    Grooming: Daily brushing and regular trimming is recommended to prevent mats and keep her long coat beautiful.

    Dental: Yorkshire Terriers often have serious problems with their teeth, so you’ll need to brush them at least three times a week!

    Ear Care: Clean her ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!


  • Characteristics

    This petite and down-to-earth beauty loves her family and is always up for adventure, making a Yorkshire Terrier the perfect travel companion.

    Positive Traits:

    • Brave and ready for adventure

    • Always on the go, with a keen eye for adventure

    • Small and travels well

    • Loving and loyal to her owners

    • Protective of family; good watch dog

    • Quirky, entertaining personality

    Negative Traits:

    • Can be difficult to housetrain

    • Suspicious of and aggressive toward strangers and other dogs if not socialized properly

    • May have a tendency to bark excessively

    • Can be snappy with children

    • Determined and has a mind of her own

  • Health Concerns

    Whether you are considering adding a new Yorkshire Terrier to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every Yorkshire Terrier will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. 

    By exploring the health concerns specific to the Yorkshire Terrier you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important signs to watch for at home. She’s counting on you to be her health expert.

    Hyperadrenocorticism (Cushing's)

    Eye Problems

    Cataracts

    Dry Eye

    Liver Problems

    Heart Disease

  • History

    It’s hard to envision the Yorkshire Terrier as a blue-collar dog, but she was in fact once a working breed! They were bred as ratters by the employees of mine shafts and clothing mills in Northern England. They made their way to North America in the 1870’s and were acknowledged by the AKC in 1885. They have adjusted to a more laidback lifestyle in today’s world and enjoy spending time indoors with their family. They do need a daily walk, however. Yorkies are not big shedders but her silky coat does need regular brushing and grooming.

  • Watch Out For

    Consult with a veterinarian if your Yorkshire Terrier shows signs of the following:
    • Drinks and urinates more, eats more, potbelly, poor haircoat

    • Blinking, redness, pain or itchiness around the eyes

    • Cloudiness to eye lens

    • Redness, squinting or greenish eye discharge

    • Slow or stunted growth; sometimes seizures after eating

    • Coughing, exercise intolerance, rapid breathing at rest

    • Fatigue during exercise, coughing, or shortness of breath

    • Coughing, especially at night or upon rising after sleeping, rapid breathing at rest

    • Increasing hip pain at less than a year old

    • Pain or straining to urinate, bloody urine

    • Increased hunger and thirst, weight loss

    • Excessive licking or chewing, pawing at face and/or ears, head shaking, face rubbing

    • Puppy teeth alongside adult teeth

Yorkshire Terrier Discussions

Share your thoughts and experiences, ask questions, or just show your love for the Yorkshire Terrier breed here!

Select Another Breed

To view the sources for the information listed on this page, see our Dog Breed Guide Reference page.

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