Description: Alopecia is a common disorder that causes hair loss that can sometimes lead to balding. It typically occurs in specific dog breeds on the ears, head, thighs, chest, and belly. Alopecia is seen in many forms, including various hereditary types, skin problems, allergies, or immune disorders.
Alopecia can occur anywhere on the body of cats or dogs. This disorder can vary in different cases.
Symptoms: Alopecia is a symptom in itself. This hair loss condition can develop in a variety of different ways. It can be localized, patchy, develop slowly, have random patterns, or spread across the body.
Diagnosis: The veterinarian analyzes the size and pattern of the affected area to determine the diagnosis. Hair loss is a common side effect of several medical conditions. The veterinarian can help identify if there is an underlying issue. Some diagnostic tests might include a skin test, microscopic exam, skin biopsy, or fungal culture.
Treatment: In most cases, alopecia is not treatable itself because it is typically a symptom of another condition. However, the primary cause (such as allergies, infections, etc.) can be treated. This disorder is often treated with medicated shampoos or antibiotics.