Cruciate Ligament Rupture
Description: The rupture or tearing of cruciate ligaments in the legs. Cruciate ligaments are arranged like the letter X and allow for greater range of motion.
Symptoms: When a dog tears its cruciate, the limb will suddenly appear lame and have unusual range of movement. The animal may hold the leg off the ground. Pain and swelling may also be symptoms.
Diagnosis: The veterinarian will examine the leg for unusual movement of the joint. If the joint is very swollen, the veterinarian may also take radiographs.
Treatment: Torn cruciates usually require surgery. If not treated and the dog weighs over 20 pounds, it can lead to permanent damage. If less than 20 pounds, surgery may not be needed. During surgery, the vet will open the knee joint to remove pieces of the torn ligament and check for damage. There are a few different surgical procedures that repair a torn cruciate ligament. One method is to use synthetic material to recreate the ligament and TPLO surgery (often used for larger dogs) restructures the bones to stabilize the joint.
(See example claim 1.)
(See example claim 2.)
TPLO surgery: $1,500-$3,000+