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Ectropion

Description: Ectropion is a defect where the eyelids droop or hang away from the eye. While ectropion can cause those sad-looking, "puppy dog" eyes, the problem exposes eyes to environmental contaminants and leads to irritation and drying, and can progress to eye infections. Some breeds are a bit more likely than other breeds to show this deformity. 

What to Watch For: The eyelids appear to be “droopy” and sometimes red or inflamed. Your pet may paw at her eyes if they becomes uncomfortable. Often times her eyes have signs of excessive tearing because of problems with her eyes draining. Sometimes there is a history of bacterial conjunctivitis.

Diagnosis: The veterinarian will conduct a physical examination to diagnose the issue. Usually a blood test will be ordered to identify the cause of the symptoms. For older dogs, blood and urine tests may be necessary to determine the cause of the disease. Corneal staining might be done to rule out an ulcer in the cornea.

Treatment: In mild cases of ectropion, medicated eye drops and ointments might help the condition. Ectropion can be treated with surgery, which may cost up to several hundred dollars to repair a single eyelid. If the disease is severe, a corrective surgery will be necessary to treat the condition. The prognosis after surgery is generally good but requires ongoing eye care.

Breeds prone to Ectropion include:

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