Description: There are three types of seizures in dogs: reactive, secondary, and primary. Reactive seizures are caused by the brain's reaction to a metabolic problem like low blood sugar, organ failure, or a toxin. Secondary seizures are the result of a brain tumor, stroke, or trauma. If no other cause can be found, the disease is called primary, or idiopathic epilepsy. This problem is often an inherited condition. If your dog is prone to seizures, they will usually begin between 6 months and 3 years of age.
What to Watch For: Symptoms include abnormal shaking, trembling, or excessive involuntary tremors.
Diagnosis: A detailed medical history, neurological exams, and x-rays are required for diagnosis. Lifelong medication is usually necessary to help keep seizures under control, with periodic blood testing required to monitor side effects and effectiveness. If your dog has a seizure, carefully prevent them from injuring himself but don't try to control their mouth or tongue. It won't help your dog, and they may bite you accidentally! Note the length of the seizure and call your veterinary team or an emergency hospital. There is no cure for epilepsy however medication can decrease seizure frequencies.
Breeds prone to Epilepsy include: