Description: Gastric torsion, or commonly known as bloat or gastric dilation-volvulus (GDV) is a life-threatening condition seen in larger dogs. Behind cancer, it is the second highest cause of death for dogs. It occurs when the stomach twists over itself, blocking gastric passageways. Bloat is typically caused by eating or drinking large quantities too quickly or exercise after eating. If not immediately treated, dogs may survive for up to a day, but it will ultimately lead to fatality.
What to Watch For: A dog experiencing bloat will act very restless and anxious. They will have a tight chest, and possibly also foamy saliva. Other signs include attempts to vomit, gagging, shallow breathing, and pacing.
Causes: Gastric torsion is typically caused by eating or drinking too rapidly, exercising too soon after eating or drinking, or consuming too much water after eating. Stress or anxiety may also cause gastric torsion.
Treatment: If your dog displays signs of gastric torsion, it is important to seek immediate veterinary care. Treatment involves immediate surgery (gastroplexy) as untreated animals have little to no chance of survival.
Treatment Cost: Gastroplexy costs between $1,200 - $5,000.
Breeds prone to Gastric Torsion include: