Description: Hepatic lipidosis is characterized by the buildup of fat in the liver. These abnormally high amounts of fat prevent the liver from properly functioning and can be fatal if left untreated.
Causes: This condition may be caused by nutritional deficiencies, toxicity, and has also been associated with diabetes mellitus, kidney disease, heart disease, cancer, but most cases are linked to obesity.
What to Watch For: Signs include decreased appetite, stress, vomiting, weight loss, and lethargy.
Diagnosis: Your veterinarian will diagnose this condition by physical examination, x-ray, ultrasound to check for enlarged liver, and blood test to look for abnormal enzyme levels.
Treatment: Treatment for this condition includes a strict diet and often requires insertion of a feeding tube. Diet changes usually last 1-2 months but some cats take longer to recover. Most cats will need a variety of medications including electrolyte replacements, vitamin supplements, appetite stimulants, antibiotics, and gastrointestinal medications.
Breeds prone to Hepatic Lipidosis include: