Hepatic Lipidosis

Description: Hepatic Lipidosis occurs in cats and is characterized by the buildup of fat in the liver. These abnormally high amounts of fat prevent the liver from properly functioning and can be fatal if left untreated.
Causes: It may be caused by nutritional deficiencies, toxicity, and has also been associated with diabetes mellitus, kidney disease, heart disease, cancer, and most cases are linked to obesity.
Symptoms: Decreased appetite, stress, vomiting, weight loss, lethargy.
Diagnosis: Diagnosed via physical examination, X-rays, ultrasound to check for enlarged liver. Also blood testing to look for abnormal enzyme levels.
Treatment: Treatment for this condition includes a strict diet and often requires a feeding tube to be inserted. Diet changes usually last a time period of 1-2 months but some cats take longer to recover. Most cats will need a variety of medications including electrolyte replacements, vitamin supplements, appetite stimulants, antibiotics, and gastrointestinal medications.
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Breeds prone to Hepatic Lipidosis include: