Description: Osteochondritis dissecans is a cartilage disease in which the cartilage of the joints becomes detached from the bones. It may occur in any joint, but it is most common in the shoulder, followed by knee and elbow. OCD can cause swelling and uncomfortable pain at the joint during movement. OCD is more common among large breeds due to larger weight and stress on the joints. It is found more frequently in males than females and typically occurs before age 1 but older dogs can also get OCD.
OCD may be caused by trauma but is also believed to be genetically linked. It may also be affected by rapid growth.
Symptoms: Lameness in the affected limb, limping, refusal to bear weight on the limb.
Diagnosis: Diagnosed via physical examination and X-rays
Treatment: Mild cases may be treated with a combination of rest, anti-inflammatory medications, and painkillers. In more severe cases, surgery is required to remove or repair the affected area. Animals typically make a full recovery.
Because OCD may be worsened by rapid growth, it is important to feed growing puppies a healthy diet and the proper amounts for their weight.
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