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Description: An episode of excessive neural activity in the brain which can appear as loss or derangement of consciousness and involuntary muscle contractions. There are many causes of seizures however epilepsy is the most common. Brain tumors and other diseases can cause seizures.

What to Watch For: Any abnormal shaking, trembling, or excessive involuntary tremors.

Diagnosis: Diagnosis involves a medical history examination, tests for any head trauma or toxin ingestions, blood tests, and EKG on the heart. If these tests are inconclusive, a CAT scan or MRI may be needed.

Treatment: Treatment involves anticonvulsant medications.

Treatment Cost: Diagnostic tests and medications can cost several hundred dollars.

(See example claim.)

Breeds prone to Seizures include: