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American Bulldog

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A Courageous & Dependable Friend

Active, protective, confident

American Bulldogs are social, strong, and loving, large dogs. This breed has a natural prey drive, but gets along with children if properly socialized at an early age.  They have a tendency to be stubborn and can be aggressive to other dogs of the same sex. These dogs are great pets for active singles, families with older kids, and experienced dog owners. American Bulldogs live for their families and may become destructive if left alone too much. It’s important to keep these dogs happy and healthy with plenty of vigorous daily exercise.

Understanding their unique needs will help keep them healthy and create a strong bond between the two of you. Explore this page to learn more about the breed’s history, health concerns, characteristics, and care needs. 

Breed Details

Height:20-28 in. Weight:60-120 lb Lifespan:10-16 years

Size
3

1=small 5=large

Grooming requirements
2

1 = little grooming - 5 = much grooming

Energy level
4

1 = low energy - 5 = high energy

Ease of training
3

1 = difficult - 5 = easy

Affection toward owners
5

1 = independent - 5 = very affectionate

Friendliness toward strangers
3

1 = shy - 5 = very friendly

Routine Care: American Bulldogs love to be with their family and are adaptable to many living situations as long as they are given adequate exercise to keep her mind and body active.

Grooming: Very easy to groom, her short coat requires only occasional brushing. Clean her nasal folds at least weekly.

Dental: American Bulldogs often have serious problems with their teeth, so you’ll need to brush them at least three times a week!

Ear Care: Clean her ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!


  • Care

    Routine Care: American Bulldogs love to be with their family and are adaptable to many living situations as long as they are given adequate exercise to keep her mind and body active.

    Grooming: Very easy to groom, her short coat requires only occasional brushing. Clean her nasal folds at least weekly.

    Dental: American Bulldogs often have serious problems with their teeth, so you’ll need to brush them at least three times a week!

    Ear Care: Clean her ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—your veterinarian can show you how!


  • Characteristics

    American Bulldogs are known as fearless and steady guard dogs, and they are often territorial. She may prefer to be an only dog.

    Positive Traits:

    An excellent guard dog, courageous and dependable

    Confident, steady, and fearless

    Intelligent and easy to train

    Energetic, active, and athletic

    Good with children

    Has a short, easy-to-care-for coat

    Negative Traits:

    Needs a lot of exercise

    Can be rambunctious and rowdy, especially as a younger dog

    Territorial with larger dogs, especially of the same sex

    Must be properly socialized as a puppy to avoid aggression as an adult

    Willful and stubborn if you don’t show strong leadership

    Can be gassy and drool a lot

  • Health Concerns

    Whether you are considering adding a new American Bulldog to your family or you already have one as a companion, it is important for you to know about the genetically linked diseases known to occur more often in this breed. Of course not every American Bulldog will have these problems, but research shows your pal is more at risk than other breeds. By exploring the health concerns specific to the American Bulldog you will become a knowledgeable and confident pet parent. Be sure to speak with your veterinarian about breed risks every time you visit and educate yourself on the most important symptoms to watch for at home. They are counting on you to be their health expert.

    Some health issues a American Bulldog could encounter:

    Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia

    Nerve Disease

    Thyroid Disease

    Ichthyosis

    Eyelid Abnormality

    Cataracts

  • History

    The American Bulldog was first bred as a powerful and athletic all-purpose working dog, used to catch hogs and cattle. They are typically gentle and loving family companions, but may not tolerate other dogs, especially those of the same sex. They require early training and socialization and have a high energy level. American Bulldogs are generally healthy with an average life span of 10-13 years. Some can suffer from common health concerns such as hip dysplasia and skin problems. Early diagnosis is the key to a long and happy life, so be sure to schedule routine checkups.

  • Watch Out For

    Consult with a veterinarian if your American Bulldog shows signs of the following:

    General reluctance to run or play

    Weakness and excessive clumsiness in the rear legs

    Dull coat, hair loss, sluggish, weight gain

    Increased blinking, extra tears and squinting

    Cloudiness to eye lens

    Dry, scaly, sometimes itchy hairless patches on face or paws

    Pain or straining to urinate, bloody urine

    Loud breathing, tires easily at exercise

Select Another Breed

To view the sources for the information listed on this page, see our Dog Breed Guide Reference page.

Trupanion Provides Peace of Mind

  1. One Simple Plan

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  2. 90% Coverage

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  3. No Payout Limits

    To get your pet the best care, whatever the cost.

  4. Vet Direct Pay

    So you don't wait for reimbursement checks.

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